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Rubén Darío Papers, 1882-1945 (bulk 1882-1915)

MSS-339


Overview of the Collection

Creator: Darío, Rubén, 1867-1916
Title: Rubén Darío Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1882-1945
Bulk Dates: 1882-1915
Quantity: 5 Boxes (2.38 Linear Feet)
Abstract:The Rubén Darío Papers contain approximately 900 handwritten pages of poetry, essays, short stories, diplomatic memos, and personal letters created by Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío (1867-1916). These manuscripts document Darío's life and work as a journalist, diplomat, and poet between 1882 and 1915.
Identification: MSS-339
Language: Material primarily in Spanish with some French and English.
Repository: Arizona State University Libraries Special Collections
Arizona State University Libraries
P.O. Box 871006
Tempe, AZ 85287-1006
Phone: 480 965 4932
Fax: 480 965 776
E-Mail: archives@asu.edu

Biographical Note

Rubén Darío was born on January 18, 1867 in Metapa, Nicaragua, currently known as Ciudad Darío. He is recognized as one of Latin America's most famous poets and as Nicaragua's most revered cultural figure. Throughout his short life, Darío worked as a journalist (most notably in Argentina and Chile), as a diplomat (he held official posts for the Nicaraguan government in Spain and France), and as a poet and author of essays and other literary works. He is considered the founder of modernism/modernismo, a 20th-century Latin American literary movement. Darío died on February 16, 1916 in León, Nicaragua.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of approximately 900 handwritten pages of poetry, essays, short stories, diplomatic memos, and personal letters created by Rubén Darío between 1882 and 1915. Many of the manuscripts are transcripts of original documents written in Darío's hand.

Series I: Correspondence contains correspondence from Darío to political figures, renowned writers, and family members and is organized by date. Darío wrote several of the letters during his time as Nicaragua's Ambassador to Spain under the presidency of José Santos Zelaya, who was the recipient of several of the documents. Other letters are addressed to Darío's romantic partner, Francisca Sánchez. Ten of the letters are directed to Mexican poet Amado Nervo (1870-1919). Other recipients include Emilio de Arriaga, Pedro Balmaceda Toro, Ernesto Bermúdez, Luis Bonafoux, Francisco Castro, Benigno Díez Salcedo, Rodolfo Espinosa, Fermín Estrella, Vicente Gasset, and Crisanto Medina.

Series II: Receipts and Bank Records houses receipts to and from various individuals. Two of the receipts detail payments received by Darío for written works. Series III: Documents in French includes documents detailing bank transactions. Two items in Series III (Box 2, Folder 10 and Box 2, Folder 14) were found to have been classified incorrectly after reformatting was complete. These documents were removed to Series II but the box and folder numbers were not changed in order to maintain the connection between the original documents and their digital surrogates.

Series IV: Poetry and Creative Works is the largest series in the collection. It contains poetry and other creative works written by Darío and is organized alphabetically. Several of the documents are what Darío called "faithful transcriptions" of works published. Handwritten notations on some of the manuscripts detail the specific dates, locations, and dedications of particular works. In some cases, multiple versions of a single work are included. For example, the collection contains two distinct versions of "Los motivos del lobo" (1913) and three versions of "Sonatina", one of which is written in English.

Series V: Collection History consists of documents relevant to the provenance of the collection, including a newspaper clipping that contains the obituary for Alejandro Bermúdez, Rubén Darío's personal secretary. Series VI: Restricted Materials consists of a single box of manuscripts restricted for security reasons. Photocopies of these items have been placed in the collection for research use.


Arrangement

This collection consists of five boxes divided into six series:
Series I: Correspondence
Series II: Receipts and Bank Records
Series III: Documents in French
Series IV: Poetry and Creative Works
Series V: Collection History
Series VI: Restricted Materials

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Researchers may only work with one folder at a time. Each folder must be returned to its box before the next is removed.

Correspondence between Rubén Darío and Amado Nervo and Darío's English "Sonatina" have been removed to Series IV: Restricted Documents for security reasons. Photocopies of these items have been placed in the collection for research use. Contact Archives and Special Collections for more information about accessing the original manuscripts.

Copyright

Arizona State University does not own copyright to this collection. The Department of Archives and Special Collections recognizes that it is incumbent upon the researcher to procure permission to publish information from this collection from the owner of the copyright.


Related Material

Researchers may access digital versions of all the documents in this collection through Arizona State University's Digital Repository at http://hdl.handle.net/2286/R.C.147.


Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Balmaceda Toro, Pedro, 1868-1889.
Bermúdez, Alejandro, d. 1933.
Bermúdez, Ernesto (Victor Ernesto), 1872-1962.
Darío, Rubén, 1867-1916.
Medina, Crisanto.
Nervo, Amado, 1870-1919.
Salcedo, Benigno Díez.
Zelaya, José Santos, 1853-1919.

Subject(s)
Authors, Nicaraguan.
Diplomats -- Nicaragua.
Nicaragua -- Foreign relations -- Britain.
Nicaragua -- Foreign relations -- France.
Nicaragua -- Foreign relations -- Spain.
Nicaragua -- History.
Poets, Nicaraguan.


Administrative Information

Credit Line

Rubén Darío Papers, MSS-339. Arizona State University Libraries: Special Collections.

Provenance

Archives and Special Collections purchased these papers in 2012 (Accession #2012-04548).


Container List

Series I: Correspondence
BoxFolder
11 Letter, Rubén Darío to Francisco Castro, 1882 July 3 (2 Pages; Double-Sided)
12 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 January 8 (1 Page)
13 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 January 12 (1 Page)
14 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 January 20 (1 Page)
15 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 February 10 (1 Page)
16 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 February 22 (1 Page)
17 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 February 28 (1 Page)
18 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 May 3 (1 Page)
19 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 May 8 (1 Page)
110 Letter, Rubén Darío to Pedro Balmaceda, 1888 May 15 (1 Page)
111 Letter, Rubén Darío to Francisca Sánchez, 1903 May 18 (1 Page)
112 Letter, Rubén Darío to Francisca Sánchez, 1903 May 26 (1 Page)
113 Letter, Rubén Darío to Francisca Sánchez, 1903 June 12 (1 Page)
114 Letter, Rubén Darío to Francisca Sánchez, 1903 June 16 (1 Page)
115 Letter, Rubén Darío to Luis Bonafoux, circa 1907 August 19 (1 Page)
116 Letter, Rubén Darío to Sr. Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1908 January 29 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
117 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1908 May 13 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
118 Letter, Rubén Darío to Consul of Managna in London, 1908 May 23 (1 Page)
119 Letter, Rubén Darío to Sr. Consul de Nicaragua, 1908 May 23 (1 Page)
120 Letter, Rubén Darío to Ernesto Bermúdez, 1908 May 26 (1 Page)
121 Letter, Rubén Darío to Ernesto Bermúdez, 1908 May 26 (1 Page)
122 Letter, Rubén Darío to Benigno Díez Salcedo, 1908 May 29 (1 Page)
123 Letter, Rubén Darío to Benigno Díez Salcedo, 1908 May 29 (1 Page)
At the time this letter was written, Salcedo was serving as the Nicaraguan Minister in Mexico.
124 Letter, Rubén Darío to Rodolfo Espinosa, 1908 June 11 (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
125 Letter, Rubén Darío to Fermín Estrella, 1908 June 19 (1 Page)
126 Letter, Rubén Darío to Vicente Gasset, 1908 June 19 (1 Page)
127 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1908 July 2 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
128 Letter, Rubén Darío to Santiago Argüello, 1908 July 29 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
129 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 September 2 (1 Page)
130 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 September 8 (1 Page)
131 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 September 10 (1 Page)
132 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 September 15 (1 Page)
133 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1908 September 15 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
134 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 October 1 (1 Page)
135 Letter, Rubén Darío to Crisanto Medina, 1908 October 4 (1 Page)
At the time this letter was written, Medina was the Nicaraguan minister in Paris.
136 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 October 6 (1 Page)
137 Letter, Rubén Darío to Emilio de Arriaga, 1908 October 12 (1 Page)
At the time this letter was written, de Arriaga was the Nicaraguan Consul in Bilbao.
138 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 October 12 (1 Page)
139 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1908 October 15 (1 Page)
140 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1908 December 13 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
141 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1908 December 20 (1 Page)
142 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, 1909 February 12 (1 Page)
143 Letter, Rubén Darío to Nicaraguan Foreign Minister, 1912 December 5 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
144 Letter, Rubén Darío to Amado Nervo, 1915 January 12 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
145 Letter, Rubén Darío to Ernesto Bermúdez, Undated (1 Page; Double-Sided)
At the time this letter was written, Bermúdez was the Nicaraguan Consul in Manchester.
146 Letter, Rubén Darío to Don Crisanto Medina, Undated (1 Page)
At the time this letter was written, Medina was the Nicaraguan Minister in Paris.
147 Letter, Rubén Darío to Nicaraguan Consul in Manchester, Undated (1 Page)
148 Letter, Rubén Darío to F. Torralba, Undated (1 Page)
149 Letter, Rubén Darío to Sr. Presidente J. S. Zelaya, Undated (1 Page; Double-Sided)
BoxFolder
21 Letter, Rubén Darío to Sr. Presidente J. S. Zelaya, Undated (1 Page)
22 Letter, Rubén Darío to General y Presidente J. S. Zelaya, Undated (1 Page)
23 Letter, Rubén Darío to Santiago Mataix i Soler, Undated (1 Page)
Series II: Receipts and Bank Records
BoxFolder
24 Receipt for 1,000 Pesetas as advance for first edition of El Canto Errante, 1907 September 12 (1 Page)
210 Bank Record, Director de Credit Lyonaisse, Madrid, 1908 May 29 (1 Page)
214 Bank Record, Director de Credit Lyonaisse, Madrid, 1908 July 29 (1 Page)
25 Receipt to Crisanto Medina from Rubén Darío, 1908 September 28 (1 Page)
26 Receipt from Rubén Darío to L. H. Debayle, 1908 October 10 (1 Page)
At the time of this receipt, Debayle was the Mexican Consul in France.
27 Receipt from Rubén Darío to J. M. Vega Limón, 1911 July 7 (1 Page)
At the time of this receipt, Limón was the Mexican Consul in France.
28 Receipt to Rubén Darío from Alfredo y Armando Guido for work as Director of Mundial Magazine and Elegancia, 1914 January 31 (1 Page)
Series III: Documents in French
BoxFolder
29 Bank Record, Monsieur Lacombe, Madrid, 1908 February 7 (1 Page; Handwritten Letter)
211 Bank Record, M. M. Mayence & Cie., Paris, 1908 June 14 (1 Page; Handwritten Letter)
212 Bank Record, Monsieur Directeur Credit Lyonaisse, Madrid, 1908 July 25 (1 Page; Handwritten Letter)
213 Bank Record, Monsieur Vancopenolle, Madrid, 1908 July 25 (1 Page; Handwritten Letter)
215 Bank Record, G. Labocq & Cie, Undated (1 Page; Handwritten Letter)
Series IV: Poetry and Creative Works
BoxFolder
216 "El ala del cuervo", 1883 (9 Pages; Double-Sided)
217 "¡Alma Mía!", Undated (Transcripción 3; One Page; Double-Sided)
218 "A Amado Nervo", Undated (1 Page; Double-Sided)
219 "Mi tía Rosa", 1913 December 15 (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
220 "La anciana", Undated (Textual; 2 Pages; Double-Sided)
221 "La bella", Undated (Fragmentaria; 1 Page; Double-Sided)
222 "Cantar a Chinandega", 1908 May (10 Pages; Double-Sided)
223 "Canto a la Argentina", 1910 March 24 (40 Pages; Double-Sided)
224 "Canto a El Salvador", 1883 September 14 (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
Dedicated to President Rafael Zaldívar.
225 "Cantos Épicos a las Glorias de Chile", 1887 September (38 Pages; Double-Sided; Pages Mis-Numbered)
Manuscrito original para concursar en el certámen de poesía de Varela.
BoxFolder
31 "Canto a León Santiago de los caballeros", 1908 February (8 Pages; Double-Sided)
32 "Cantos de vida y esparanza", 1904 (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
Dedicated to José Enrique Rodó.
33 "La cartuja", 1913 Winter (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
34 "A Castelar", 1911 May 30 (6 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written on Mundial stationary and dedicated to Emilio Castelar Ripoll.
35 "Caupolicán", 1888 (1 Page; Double-Sided)
36 "A Colón", 1908 December (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
Dedicated to Santos Zelaya.
37 "Coloquio de los centauros", 1886 February 14 (8 Pages; Double-Sided)
Dedicated to Paul Grousac.
38 "En Barcelona", 1889 January 4 (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
39 "En Barcelona", 1899 January 4 (9 Pages; Double-Sided)
310 "Los Encajes", 1898 May (1 Page)
311 "En el mar", 1899 December 3 (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
312 "En Madrid", 1899 January 1 (6 Pages; Double-Sided)
313 "Epístola a la Señora de Leopoldo Lugones", 1906 (10 Pages; Double-Sided)
314 "Epitalamio Bárbaro", Undated (Transcripción XI; 2 Pages; Double-Sided)
315 "Fiesta campesina", 1889 November 18 (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
316 "Fiesta campesina", 1899 November (10 Pages; Double-Sided)
317 "El fin de Nicaragua", 1912 September 28 (6 Pages; Double-Sided)
318 "La gran cosmópolis", 1915 (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
319 "Himno al Libertador Bolívar", Undated (7 Pages; Double-Sided)
320 "Historia de un sobretodo", circa 1888 (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
321 "A Jacinto Octavio Picón Bouchet", 1913 January 20 (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written on Mundial letterhead.
322 "Mis Memorias", 1913 December (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written on Mundial letterhead and dedicated to José Martí.
323 "A Juan Ramón Jiménez", Undated (1 Page; Double-Sided)
324 "Madrid", 1899 January 1 (8 Pages; Double-Sided)
325 "Marcha triunfal", 1895 May 4 (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
326 "A Margarita Debayle", Undated (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
327 "Libros extraños", Undated (1 Page; Double-Sided)
328 "Letanías de nuestro Señor Don Quijote", 1905 April (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
Dedicated to Navarro Ledesma.
329 "Mariposa y flor", Undated (Transcripción Fiel; 1 Page)
330 "Memorias", Undated (Part 2; 28 Pages; Double-Sided; Incomplete)
331 "Mis primeros versos", 1886 January (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
332 "Momotombo", Undated (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
333 "Los motivos del lobo", 1913 December (Version I; 8 Pages; Double-Sided)
334 "Los motivos del lobo", 1913 December (9 Pages; Double-Sided)
335 "Nicaragua", 1913 January (6 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written for Mundial Magazine.
336 "Nicaragua", 1913 January (10 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written for La Nacíon, diario.
337 "Nocturno", Undated (2 Pages; Double-Sided)
338 "Oda a Libertador Bolívar", 1883 June 24 (25 Pages; Double-Sided)
Dedicated to Rafael Zaldívar, President of El Salvador.
339 "¡Ah! Recuerdos" a Amado Nervo, 1914 November (1 Page; Double-Sided)
340 "El Pánico", 1884 February 14 (1 Page; Not Edited)
341 "¡Pax!", 1914 December (7 Pages; Double-Sided)
342 "Poema del Otoño", Undated (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
343 "Preludio", Undated (5 Pages; Double-Sided)
344 "A Roosevelt", Undated (2 Pages; Double-Sided)
345 "A Rosario Murillo", 1912 October (10 Pages; Double-Sided)
346 "Se que soy", Undated (1 Page)
347 "Sonatina", 1893 February (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
English

348 "Sonatina", Buenos Aires, 1893 November 24 (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
349 "Sonatina", Madrid, 1893 (3 Pages; Double-Sided)
350 "El triunfo de Caliban", 1898 May 20 (4 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written for Tiempo de Buenos Aires.
351 "Versos de Otoño", Undated (1 Page)
352 "A. de Gilbert", 1889 August (25 Pages; Double-Sided)
Written in Sonsonate, El Salvador for Pedro Balmaceda Toro.
Series V: Collection History
BoxFolder
353 Funeral Program for Ingro. Alejandro Bermúdez, 1933 July 22
354 El Cronista, 1945 January 5
355 Book Cover, Undated (Removed to Box 4/OV1)
Box
4/OV1 Book Cover, Undated (Removed from Box 3, Folder 55)
Series VI: Restricted Materials
Box
5 Correspondence and Creative Works (Original Copies)