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Charlotte H. Miller Navajo Collection 1946-1953


Overview of the Collection

Creator: Miller, Charlotte H., 1904-
Title: Charlotte H. Miller Navajo Collection
Inclusive Dates: 1946-1953
Quantity: 1 Box (0.5 Linear Feet)
Abstract:The Charlotte H. Miller Navajo Collection contains correspondence, ephemera, and photographs dating from 1946 to 1953. These materials document her time serving the Red Cross Disaster Relief during the 1948 drought and the 1949-50 blizzard on the Navajo Nation.
Identification: MSS-158
Language: Material in English
Repository: Arizona State University Library. Labriola Center
Arizona State University Library
P.O. Box 871006
Tempe, AZ 85287-1006
Phone: (480) 965-4932
Questions? Ask An Archivist!

Biographical Note

Charlotte Huggins was born in Columbus, Ohio on June 30, 1904. She attended school in Grandview Heights, a suburb of Columbus, graduating from North High School in 1922. She attended the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music as a piano major and transferred to Ohio State University in 1923. In 1933 Huggins moved with her mother and brother to Southern California. After attending the Southwest Secretarial and Business College in Los Angeles she took a position as Secretary and Office Manager at the School of Government at the University of Southern California. An appointment to the Director of the Institute of Government led to a Civil Service appointment as Administrative Assistant to the Director of the City of Los Angeles Major Disaster Council.

At the outbreak of World War II, Huggins was appointed Acting Director of the Major Disaster Emergency Council. She transferred to Sacramento, California in June of 1942 to be Administrative Assistant to the Director of the State of California War Council. She held this position until May 1944 when she joined the American Red Cross as Field Representative to Chapters in Northern and Central California.

Responsible for 22 Chapters and 14 Branches, her duties included program development, budget and financial development, training workshops for disaster preparedness, and operational plans for Chapter staff and volunteers. She was also dispatched to scenes of national disasters to work as an Emergency Family Service Coordinator. Two of her disaster assignments, from which this collection grew, were to the Navajo Nation drought and blizzard emergency of 1948 and 1949-50.

In 1955, Huggins married Ernest Miller. She held the position of Executive Assistant to the Palo Alto Chapter Director from 1962 until she retired in 1973. She continued to volunteer for the American Red Cross after her retirement, totaling 54 years of paid and volunteer service. She died in California on March 29, 2002.

Red Cross Disaster Operation Assignments

1944Port Chicago Munitions Ship Explosion, Port Chicago, California
1945Ohio-Mississippi River Floods
1947Columbia River Floods, Oregon
1948Navajo-Hopi Indian Reservation Drought
1949-1950Navajo Indian Reservation Blizzard
1951Missouri-Mississippi Flood
1955December Storm, Palo Alto, California

Scope and Content Note

The Charlotte H. Miller Navajo Collection contains correspondence, ephemera, and photographs dating from 1946 to 1953. These materials document her time serving the Red Cross Disaster Relief during the 1948 drought and the 1949-50 blizzard on the Navajo Nation.

The correspondence consists of letters that Charlotte Miller wrote to her mother and other family members from April to May 1949. Also included is a list of Navajo names given to Red Cross staff members. The ephemera includes newsletters, journals, and publications regarding the Navajo Indians and Navajo education. Specific examples of note are The Navajo Blizzard Emergency, The Little Herder by Ann Clark, three issues of Arizona Highways, issues of The Padres Trail, and information on Intermountain Indian School. The four folders of photographs contain pictures taken by Navajo Service photographer Milton Snow.


This collection consists of a single box.


Access Restrictions

ASU Library, including the Labriola National American Indian Data Center, is open for remote services only as part of the ASU Library COVID-19 response. Our Labriola Center staff and resources are still available.


The Arizona Board of Regents retains copyright to this collection for and on behalf of Distinctive Collections, Arizona State University Library. Requests for permissions to publish, display, or redistribute information from this collection must be submitted via our online application.

Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Miller, Charlotte H., 1904-.

Corporate Name(s)
American National Red Cross.

Geographic Name(s)
Navajo Indian Reservation.

Blizzards -- Navajo Indian Reservation.
Disaster relief -- Arizona.
Droughts -- Navajo Indian Reservation.
Emergency management -- Arizona.
Navajo Indians -- History -- 20th century.
Red Cross and Red Crescent -- Navajo Indian Reservation.

Administrative Information

Credit Line

Charlotte H. Miller Navajo Collection, MSS-158. Arizona State University Library: Labriola Center.


Charlotte H. Miller donated these papers in 2001 (ACC# 2001-02324).

Other Finding Aids

A calendar describing the photographs at the item level is available upon request at the Labriola National American Indian Data Center.

Container List

11 Correspondence, 1949 April-May
12 Navajo Names Given to Red Cross Staff, 1949
13 Adahooniligii - The Navajo Language Monthly, 1947 September
14 Newsletter and Newsclipping, 1948
15 The Navajo Blizzard Emergency, 1949 January 29-February 19
16 Intermountain Indian School, 1950-1951
17 Phoenix Indian School and Navajo Education Material
18 Little Herder in Spring by Ann Clark, 1940
19 Navajo Saga, 1949 October
110 Arizona Highways, 1948 August, 1950 August, 1953 July
111 The Padres' Trail, 1949 June-1950 November
112 Indian Truth, 1946-1948
113 Photographs
114 Photographs
115 Photographs
116 Photographs