George B. Sanford Collection 1861-1908 (bulk 1866-1871)

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George B. Sanford Collection 1861-1908 (bulk 1866-1871)

MSS-74


Overview of the Collection

Creator: Sanford, George B. (George Bliss), 1842-1908
Title: George B. Sanford Collection
Inclusive Dates: 1861-1908
Bulk Dates: 1866-1871
Quantity: 2 Boxes (0.75 Linear Feet)
Abstract:The George B. Sanford Collection includes a journal transcript, correspondence, newspaper clippings, a scrapbook, financial records, and printed matter. Although the collection extends from 1861 to 1908, the bulk of the material concerns Sanford's command of Fort McDowell and his participation in the "Indian Wars" against the Apache in Arizona from 1866 to 1871.
Identification: MSS-74
Language: Material in English
Repository: Arizona State University Library Arizona Collection
Arizona State University Library
P.O. Box 871006
Tempe, AZ 85287-1006
Phone: 480 965 4932
Fax: 480 965 776
E-Mail: archives@asu.edu

Biographical Note

George Bliss Sanford, US Army cavalry officer, was born at New Haven, Connecticut on June 28, 1842. He attended Yale University until he accepted a commission as second lieutenant in the 1st Dragoons (Later 1st Cavalry) on April 26, 1861. During the Civil War, he fought at Antietam and in the Battle of the Wilderness. He arrived in Arizona in 1866 and served as commanding officer at Fort McDowell. In 1892, he retired from the Army and eventually relocated with his family to Litchfield, Connecticut. Sanford passed away in New York City on July 13, 1908.


Scope and Content Note

The George B. Sanford Collection includes a journal transcript, correspondence, newspaper clippings, a scrapbook, financial records, and printed matter. Although the collection extends from 1861 to 1908, the bulk of the material concerns Sanford's command of Fort McDowell and his participation in the "Indian Wars" against the Apache in Arizona from 1866 to 1871.

Sanford's "Journal" consists of transcripts of correspondence and reports that Sanford and other Fort McDowell personnel sent and received. The journal describes several expeditions sent to locate and attack Apache Indians and their "rancherias" from 1866 to 1871. Later entries describe Sanford's exploratory expeditions by the 1st US Cavalry from Fort Lapwai, Idaho Territory from 1871 to 1872.

Sanford's correspondence is comprised of letters that he received concerning military administration, political issues, and personal matters. Five letters from Richard C. McCormick (then US Congressional Representative from the Arizona Territory) are included.

The newspaper clippings generally concern Sanford's activities in expeditions against Apache Indians. The Special Orders are routine communications regarding leaves of absence and reporting for duty; General Orders and Expedition Accounts are published descriptions of four 1st Cavalry expeditions against the Apache Indians.


Arrangement

This collection consists of two boxes.

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

As of Aug. 17, 2017 the Luhrs Reading Room will open by appointment only due to the relocation of ASU Library's distinctive collections to off-site storage. Materials should be requested at least 3 business days prior to your visit, and unfortunately, we will not be able to accommodate walk-in patrons who have not made an appointment in advance. To request materials, please email archives@asu.edu or call (480) 965-4932. Appointments will be scheduled Monday through Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. and Saturday from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

Copyright

Arizona State University does not own copyright to this collection. Distinctive Collections recognizes that it is incumbent upon the researcher to procure permission to publish information from this collection from the owner of the copyright.


Related Material

Interested researchers may also wish to consult CP SPC 31: George B. Sanford Photographs (guide available at http://www.azarchivesonline.org/xtf/view?docId=ead/asu/sanford_photos.xml.


Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Altschuler, Constance Wynn, 1908-2000.
Anza, Juan Bautista de, 1693-1740.
Carleton, James Henry, 1814-1873.
Carr, Camillo, 1842-1914.
Colyer, Vincent, 1825-1888.
Crook, George, 1829-1890.
Cruse, Thomas, 1836-1914.
Devin, Thomas C. (Thomas Cassimer), 1822-1878.
DuBois, Richard, 1842-1924.
Heintzelman, Samuel Peter, 1805-1880.
Henry, Guy Vernor, 1839-1899.
Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909.
Hunter, Sherod, 1834-1866?.
Jimeno, Porfirio, 1841-.
Kautz, August V. (August Valentine), 1828-1895.
Lauderdale, John Vance.
Maxon, Mason Marion.
McCormick, Richard C. (Richard Cunningham), 1832-1901.
McGarny, Edward, approximately 1823-1867.
Mowry, Sylvester, 1830-1871.
Oatman, Olive Ann.
Pesqueira, Ignacio, 1820-1886.
Poston, Charles D. (Charles Debrille), 1825-1902.
Robinson, John H., 1825-1907.
Safford, A. P. K. (Anson Peasley Keeler), -1891.
Sanford, George B. (George Bliss), 1842-1908.
Stammerjohan, George R.
Stoneman, George, 1822-1894.
Touey, Timothy, 1852-1887.
Tuttle, Edward D., 1834-1928.
Upham, Frank Kidder, -1899.
Veil, Charles Henry, 1842-1910.
Wheaton, Frank, 1833-1903.
Whitman, Royal, 1833-1913.
Widney, J. P. (Joseph Pomeroy), 1841-1938.
Young, S. B. M. (Samuel Baldwin Marks), 1840-1924.

Corporate Name(s)
United States. Army. California Cavalry Battalion (1862-1865).
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Geographic Name(s)
Arizona -- History -- To 1912.
Camp Reno (Ariz.).
Fort Buchanan (Ariz. : Fort).
Fort Grant (Ariz.).
Fort Huachuca (Ariz.).
Fort McDowell (Ariz.).
Tubac (Ariz.).
Wickenburg (Ariz.) -- History.

Subject(s)
Apache Indians -- Arizona -- History.
Hualapai Indians -- Arizona.
Indian agents -- Arizona.
Indian scouts -- Arizona.
Massacres -- Arizona -- Wickenburg.


Administrative Information

Credit Line

George B. Sanford Collection, MSS-74. Arizona State University Library: Arizona Collection.

Provenance

The George B. Sanford Collection was received in two accessions in 1969 and 1977. The Sanford journal and the majority of the materials in Box 1 were received from the Litchfield (Connecticut) Historical Society in 1969 (ACC# 1969-00073). The Military/Personal scrapbook, Ancestral Tablet, and photographs were received from Sanford's grandson Mr. George M. Landon of Phoenix in 1977 (ACC# 1977-00073).


Other Finding Aids

A calendar describing each entry in Sanford's journal (Box 1, Folder 1) is available upon request in the Luhrs Reading Room.


Container List

BoxFolder
11 Journal: Reports of Scouts by E Troop, 1st Cavalry in Arizona Territory, 1866 May-1871 May (Transcript)
12 Correspondence, 1863-1908, Undated
13 Condolence Letters, 1908
14 Newspaper Clippings, 1866-1867, Undated
15 Genealogical Notes; Bills and Receipts
16 Special Orders, 1861, 1865
17 General Orders from the Headquarters of the Department of Arizona, 1866, 1870
18 Expedition Accounts, 1869
19 Obituaries, Undated
BoxFolder
21 Ancestral Tablet, Undated
22-2B Military/Personal Scrapbook, 1861-1907
Includes correspondence and genealogical sources.
23/OV3 Newspaper: Fresno Morning Republican, 1906 April 23
Discusses the San Francisco Earthquake and Fire.