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Richard G. Snyder papers, 1866-2007

MS-012


Overview of the Collection

Creator: Snyder, Richard G.
Title: Richard G. Snyder papers
Inclusive Dates: 1866-2007
Quantity: approximately 530 linear feet
Abstract:Richard G. Snyder is an internationally known research scientist with expertise in human impact tolerances and trauma mechanisms, biomechanics, forensic anthropology and anthropometry, crash protection, and transportation safety. The Snyder Papers consist of materials created and collected by Snyder in the course of his work as a research scientist over 50 years, including: technical and scientific publications and reports; Snyder's publications and research files; correspondence; reference files; films; and books and other printed materials.
Identification: MS-012
Language: Material in English
Repository: Aviation Safety and Security Archives, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University
3700 Willow Creek Road
Prescott, Arizona 86301-3720
Phone: 928-777-3949
E-mail: prasasa@erau.edu

Biographical Note

Richard G. (Jerry) Snyder is an internationally known research scientist with expertise in human impact tolerances and trauma mechanisms, biomechanics, forensic anthropology and anthropometry, crash protection, and transportation safety.

Snyder was born 14 February 1928 in Northampton, Massachusetts. After attending Amherst High School in Amherst, Massachusetts, he received a scholarship to Amherst College, and he was a pre-med student at Amherst (1946-1948) prior to joining the United States Air Force in 1949. He served as a USAF pilot in the Korean War, undertaking one hundred combat missions.

Following his military service, Snyder attended University of Arizona, earning a B.A. in anthropology (1956), MA in physical anthropology (1957), and Ph.D. in physical anthropology and zoology (1959). He is also certified (D.ABFA) in forensic anthropology by the American Board of Forensic Anthropology.

Snyder was a research engineer in the Applied Research Laboratory, College of Engineering, University of Arizona, from 1958 to 1960. He also was on the staff of the Arizona Transportation and Traffic Institute (1959-60) and was an associate professor of systems engineering (1960) at University of Arizona. Snyder also served as a consultant for the U.S. Army Electronics Proving Ground in Fort Huachuca, Arizona, during this time.

From 1960 to 1966, Snyder worked for the Federal Aviation Administration's Civil Aeromedical Research Institute in Oklahoma City. He served as Chief of Physical Anthropology (1960-1966) and was a research pilot (1962-1966). He also served as Acting Chief, Protection and Survival Laboratories during several periods during 1963-1966.

From 1966 to 1968, Snyder worked in the Office of Automotive Safety Research for Ford Motor company, as manager of the Biomechanics Department (1966-1968) and as a principal research scientist (1968).

Snyder joined the faculty at University of Michigan in 1968. He was a research scientist in the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI; formerly the Highway Safety Research Institute) from 1968 to 1985. Concurrent with this position, he was an associate professor (1968-1973) and professor (1973-1985) of anthropology for the university. Snyder also served as Director, NASA Center of Excellence in Man Vehicle Systems in 1984-1985.

Snyder served as a consultant for numerous agencies and organizations throughout his career. He also served on the faculties of Michigan State University, University of Chicago, and University of Oklahoma at various times (concurrent appointments with the positions detailed above). Following his retirement from University of Michigan, he continued to serve as a consultant through his company BioDynamics International.

Snyder's research has been internationally recognized with numerous awards and honors. In 2004, University of Michigan established a named professorship, Richard G. Snyder Distinguished University Professor of Industrial and Operations Engineering. He has been named a fellow of numerous societies including American Anthropological Association (1959), Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland (1959-1966), American Association for the Advancement of Science (1961); American Academy of Forensic Sciences (1974), and The Explorers Club (1980).


Scope and Content

The Richard G. Snyder Papers consist of materials created and collected by Snyder in the course of his work as a research scientist over 50 years, including: technical and scientific publications and reports; Snyder's publications and research files; correspondence; reference files; films; and books and other printed materials.

Included are Snyder's own publications, investigation case files, and research files, as well as an extensive library of technical publications and reports collected by Snyder in the course of his career. Topics in research and reference files include crash survivability, crashworthiness (including occupant protection), restraint systems, impact, emergency egress and escape, human factors, free fall, and crash tests. Also included are files relating to accident investigations and legal cases in which Snyder was involved. In addition to aviation, some files relate to automotive or railroad studies which are applicable to aviation (e.g., impact and restraint systems). Film topics include crash tests (including Snyder's research), restraint, impact survival, human factors, and crash resistant fuel systems.


Arrangement

Series 1, Richard G. Snyder Publications, 1954-2001
Series 2, Topical Files, 1866-2007
2014 Accessions (unprocessed), 1946-1987

Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

Advanced notice is required to use the Snyder papers. Portions of the collection are restricted and are unavailable for research use. Contact the Archives for additional information.


Related Material

Published materials, primarily books and journals, were removed and added to the Aviation Research Collection (ARC) in the archives. Please consult archives staff for more information.


Controlled Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
deHaven, Hugh.
Snyder, Richard G.

Corporate Name(s)
Civil Aeromedical Institute
Civil Aeromedical Research Institute (U.S.)
University of Michigan. Highway Safety Research Institute
University of Michigan. Transportation Research Institute

Subject(s)
Acceleration (Physiology).
Aeronautics--History.
Aeronautics--Safety appliances.
Aeronautics--Safety measures.
Air bag restraint systems.
Aircraft accidents--Investigation.
Aircraft accidents.
Airplanes--Crashworthiness.
Airplanes--Seats.
Automobiles--Safety measures.
Aviation medicine.
Biomechanics.
Crash injuries.
Falls (Accidents).
Impact--Physiological effect.
Railroads--Safety measures.
Safety harness (Aeronautics).


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Item title or description]. Richard G. Snyder papers (MS-012). Aviation Safety and Security Archives, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott, Arizona.

Acquisition Information

Received from Richard G. Snyder in seven accessions, 2007-2014, with the bulk of the collection received in December 2008. Archives accession numbers 2007.014, 2008.001, 2008.005, 2012.004, 2012.005, 2014.001, and 2014.003.


Other Finding Aid

Processing of the Snyder papers is ongoing; preliminary inventories of Snyder's publications and topical files are available in the archives.


Container List

Richard G. Snyder Publications, 1954-2001
Contains publications, reports, and conference papers by Snyder.
drawer
105 Snyder publications, 1954-1967
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106 Snyder publications, 1967-1968
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107 Snyder publications, 1969
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108 Snyder publications, 1970
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113 Snyder publications, 1971
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114 Snyder publications, 1972
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115 Snyder publications, 1972-1974
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116 Snyder publications, 1974-1975
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121-122 Snyder publications, 1975
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123 Snyder publications, 1976
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124 Snyder publications, 1977
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129 Snyder publications, 1977-1978
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130 Snyder publications, 1979
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131 Snyder publications, 1980-1981
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132 Snyder publications, 1981-1983
drawer
139 Snyder publications, 1983-2001
drawer
140 Snyder legal reports
Topical Files, 1866-2007
drawer
16 Acceleration and impact
drawers
8, 13 Accident investigation
drawer
14 Accident investigation courses/schools
14 Accident reconstruction
14 Aerial/agricultural application
drawer
88 Aft facing seats (see also "Seats")
drawer
74 Aircraft, miscellaneous reports
drawer
13 Aircraft accident investigation
drawer
81 Air ambulance
81 Air racing
drawers
22-23 Aircraft crash design guides
drawers
8, 15 Aircraft crash tests
drawer
49 Aircraft lighting
drawers
79, 85-86, 88 Aircraft seats (see also "Seats")
drawers
81, 137 Alcohol
Automotive
drawer
97 General
drawer
13 Accidents
13 Patents
drawer
76 Rollovers
drawer
97 Aviation, miscellaneous files
Aviation accidents
drawers
8, 13-14, 156, 165 General
Accident reports
drawer
10 General
drawer
66 Australia, 1960-1972
66 Canada, 1966-1984
drawer
67 France
67 Japan
drawers
67-68 New Zealand
drawer
67 United Kingdom
drawers
57-60, 65, 67 United States
drawer
43 Early aviation accidents
drawer
14 Forms
drawers
16, 21 Aviation bibliographies
drawer
43 Aviation history
drawer
44 Aviation human factors
drawer
50 Aviation legal/product liability
Aviation regulations
drawers
5-7 CAR
drawers
6-7 FAR
drawer
49 Balloons
drawer
89 Beech aircraft
drawers
1-2 Bicycle helmets
drawer
81 Bicycles
drawer
83 Bird strikes
drawers
98, 102-103 Cervical injury
drawer
81 CO & O₂
drawer
14 Collision injuries
drawer
68 Collisions
drawers
49, 155 Crash cases
Crashworthiness
drawer
41 General crashworthiness
drawers
16-20, 24-32, 37-39, 163-164 Aircraft crashworthiness
drawers
4, 145-148, 153, 157-168 Helicopter crashworthiness
drawer
155 Railroad crashworthiness
drawer
12 Seats
drawer
81 Decompressing
drawers
33-34, 81 Ditching
drawer
81 Door latches
81 Drugs
drawer
83 Dust
drawer
89 Early crash references
drawers
35-36, 41 Ejection
drawer
34 Ejection and spinal injury
drawers
34-36, 42 Emergency egress/emergency evacuation
drawers
36, 41 Escape
drawer
81 Experimental safety vehicles
drawer
21 Experts (resumés)
drawer
81 Fatigue
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
drawer
51 Advisory circulars, 1963-1976
drawers
8, 15 Crash tests (NASA/FAA tests)
drawer
5 Notices of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRMs)
5 Service Difficulty Reports
drawer
6 Standards
drawer
41 Fire
drawers
42-43 Fire protection
drawer
81 Flailing
81 Flotation devices
Free falls
drawers
149-152 General
drawer
150 Elevators
drawer
151 German War Department (World War II)
151 Golden Gate Bridge
drawers
150-151 Suicide
drawer
43 Future transport technology concepts
drawer
41 Fuel tanks
drawer
14 General aviation aircraft shipments
drawers
1-2 Head injury and protection; helmets
drawer
44 Human factors
drawer
81 Hypoxia
Impact
drawers
1-2, 16, 73, 97 General
drawer
89 Child impact
drawers
109-112, 117-120, 125-128, 133-136, 141-144 Impact and human deceleration, tolerance and protection
Impact injury
drawer
92 General
drawer
101 Facial impact
101 Female impact
101 Laryngeal impact
101 Pregnant impact studies
101 Severity scales
101 Side impact
drawer
104 Railroad (impact design)
drawer
49 Incapacitation
49 Inflight explosions/failures
drawer
14 Injury codes
drawer
49 Lighter than air injuries
drawer
90 Lockerbie/Pan Am 103 case
drawer
68 Manpowered aircraft
68 Manuals
drawer
73 Math modeling
drawer
68 Midair collisions
drawers
5-6 Military standards and specifications
drawers
1-2 Motorcycle helmets
drawers
8, 15 NASA/FAA crash tests
National Transportation Safety Board
drawer
57 Air carrier reports
drawers
57-58 Briefs, general aviation, 1971-1978
drawer
57 Hazardous materials special studies, 1979-1982
drawer
67 Highway
67 Marine
drawer
57 Preliminary reports
drawers
57-60, 65 Reports, 1971-1989
drawers
57, 59 Safety recommendations
drawer
65 Special reports
drawers
52, 59, 60 Special studies
drawers
74-75 Noise and voice communication
drawer
81 Ozone
drawer
90 Pan Am 103 Lockerbie case
drawer
49 Panel displays
drawer
75 Passenger briefing cards
drawers
74-75 Pathology
74-75 Pedestrian trauma
drawer
50 Product liability
drawer
83 Propeller strike
drawer
21 Protection and survival
Railroad
drawers
104, 137 General
drawers
104, 138 Accidents
drawer
104 Cab design
drawer
155 Crashworthiness
drawers
104, 138 Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
drawer
104 Impact design
drawers
104, 138 Legal cases
drawer
138 Restraint
drawers
104, 138, 155 Seats
Restraint
drawers
1-2, 12, 23, 73 General
drawers
72, 77-78, 154 Airbags (airbag restraint)
drawers
11, 40, 45-48, 53-54 Aircraft restraint
drawers
1, 3, 55-56, 61-62, 87 Automotive restraint
drawers
9, 63-64, 69-70 Child restraint
drawer
137 Experimental restraint
drawer
138 Railroad restraint
drawers
71, 88, 154 Restraint injuries
drawers
99-100 Shoulder harness design
drawer
137 Rollover and rollover protective structures (ROPS)
drawer
7 Society of Automotive Engineers, Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARP)
Seats
drawers
12, 23, 41, 79, 85-86, 88 General
drawers
138, 155 Railroad
drawer
82 Smoke hoods
drawer
41 Spacecraft
drawer
102 Spinal injuries
drawer
83 Stall-spin accidents
drawers
5-7, 12 Standards
drawer
83 Steering wheel injury
83 Supersonic transport (SST); Concorde
drawer
33 Survival
drawer
21 Test films (summaries)
drawers
74-75, 81 Toxicology
drawer
83 Truck studies
83 Tumbling
drawers
83-84 Turbulence
drawer
84 Ultra lights
drawer
59 University of Michigan general aviation investigation studies, 1966-1971
drawer
95 University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI)
drawer
84 Vertigo
84 Vibration
drawer
103 Whiplash cervical injury
2014 Accessions, 1946-1987
Dr. Snyder donated additional materials to the archives in 2014. These files include human impact tolerance fall research (free fall studies), Holloman Air Force Base Daisy dynamic sled test data on restraint protection (1967), NTSB accident briefs (1970) and preliminary accident reports (1979-1987), and aeronautical charts (1962-1975). These files are currently unprocessed; preliminary inventories may be available in the archives. Some items are restricted; consult the Archivist for more information.