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David L. DeHarport collection, 1938-1967

MS-246


Overview of the Collection

Creator: De Harport, David
Title: David L. DeHarport collection,
Inclusive Dates: 1938-1967
Quantity: 176.75 cm textual material, 4 maps, 1550 photographic images (41 transparencies, 1509 prints, 1509 negatives)
Identification: MS-246
Language: Material in English and Navajo
Repository: Museum of Northern Arizona
3101 N. Fort Valley Rd.
Flagstaff, AZ 86001
928-774-5211 ext. 256 or 269
library@mna.mus.az.us

Biographical Note

David Lee DeHarport (8 August 1921- 15 June 2001) was born in Denver, Colorado. He received his BA in Anthropology from the University of Denver in 1943, and his MA in 1945. He began his doctoral research at Harvard University a couple of years later and earned his PhD in 1960. DeHarport first began researching the Southwestern Native American cultures as a student of the University of Denver, spending a couple of summers in New Mexico. And while at Harvard, DeHarport was sponsored by the Peabody Museum to work in Canyon de Chelly, on the Navajo Reservation, during the summers of 1948-1951 and 1957-1959. This research was the basis for his dissertation, "An Archeological Survey of Canyon de Chelly.”

DeHarport’s archeological interest was complemented by his proclivity for photography. He not only surveyed archeological sites but also photographically documented them.

Between his initial archeological survey of Canyon de Chelly and the completion of his dissertation, DeHarport worked for the Harvard Russian Research Center (1952). Later, in 1953, he photographically surveyed the low-relief sculpture at Chichen Itza, in the Yucatan, Mexico with the Carnegie Institution. And in 1955, he went on a Unesco mission to photograph hundreds of frescoes adorning the Ajanta Caves, a Buddhist site in central India.

After completing his PhD at Harvard in 1960, DeHarport was offered a position with the Navajo Claims Commission, based in Winslow, Arizona. During the summer he acted as an assistant archeologist to Clyde Kluckhohn, and in the fall he served as an expert witness in the Healing v. Jones case, which set aside the Hopi Reservation as exclusively Hopi land, with contested areas to be shared with the Navajos as a "joint-use area."

DeHarport continued working as archeologist and Navajo Land Claims representative after Healing v. Jones he began working as a researcher on Docket 229, which addressed various areas that the Navajo believed ancestrally belonged to them. Docket 229 consisted of Docket 196: Hopi overlap, Dockets 227/266: Acoma-Laguna overlap, Dockets 91: Havasupai overlap and Dockets 30/48/22-D/22-J: miscellaneous Apache overlap.

In 1962, DeHarport was appointed a research associate at the Museum of Northern Arizona and was given permission by Director Danson to work in Canyon de Chelly again. His work was initially to further document archeological sites and make sherd collections but culminated into a report on illegal excavation that was presented to tribal lawyers. His report was later discredited by other archeologists.

After his work as Navajo Land Claims representative, DeHarport’s interest was drawn back to his native Colorado. In the 1980s, DeHarport began documenting the fragile prairies of Colorado’s eastern plains. This area had often, until then, been eclipsed by the more popular Rocky Mountains and DeHarport was one of few people who recorded in photographs the landscape and people’s interaction with it. He devoted the rest of his life to this artistic study.

DeHarport passed away in Colorado in 2001 and was survived by his wife, Charlotte, who donated his photographic collections to various institutions.


Scope and Content

This collection is separated into 3 series. The first encompasses DeHarport’s legal work on Docket 229, which includes defense and plaintiff’s exhibits and statements, reports, notes, maps, hearing transcripts, and archeological surveys. The second series consists of DeHarport’s various reports on archeological sites around the United States and India, records included are his doctoral dissertation, his report on illegal excavations, field notes, photographic images, reports for the BIA and from his trips to California and India. The third series is comprised of the “Proposed Findings of Fact” for Littell v. Udall case.


Arrangement

Series 1: Navajo Land Claim
Subseries 1.1: Overall Navajo Land Claim Research Materials
Subseries 1.2: Apache Overlap
Subseries 1.3: Havasupai Overlap
Subseries 1.5: Acoma/Laguna Overlap
Series 2: Archeological Research
Subseries 2.1: Canyon de Chelly Research
Subseries 2.1: Other Research Reports
Series 3: Littell v. Udall

Restrictions

Conditions Governing Use

Unpublished and published manuscripts are protected by copyright. Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce must be secured from the repository and the copyright holder.


Related Material

The Colorado Historical Society and the Knight Library at the University of Oregon have David L. DeHarport photograph collections. The Peabody Museum at Harvard University has records related to DeHarport’s doctoral research, as well as his original photograph index.


Controlled Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Brugge, David M.
Colton, Harold Sellers, 1881-1970
Goodwin, Grenville, 1907-1940
Kluckhohn, Clyde, 1905-1960
Van Valkenburgh, Richard F.

Corporate Name(s)
Navajo Land Dispute Commission
Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute Commission
United Nations Preparatory Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Commission

Geographic Name(s)
Acoma (N.M.)
Ajanta Caves (India)
Canyon de Chelly National Monument (Ariz.)
De Harport, David Havasupai Reservation (Ariz.)
Hopi Indian Reservation (Ariz.)
Jicarilla Indian Reservation (N.M.)
Navajo County, Ariz
Pueblo of Laguna (N.M.)
San Carlos Apache Tribe of the San Carlos Reservation, Arizona
Zuni Indian Reservation

Subject(s)
Apache Indians
Archaeology
Hopi Indians -- Land tenure
Navajo Indian Reservation
Navajo Indians
Navajo history
Warm Spring Apache Indians
Yokuts Indians
Yurok Indians


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

David L. DeHarport collection, MS-246 [Box Number]. Museum of Northern Arizona. Flagstaff, Arizona.

Acquisition Information

The collection was donated in parts between 1963 and 1968 by DeHarport (Accession #MS-41, MS-246, MS-247). Accession #MS-41 arrived in 1964 and is a permanent loan from DeHarport.

Processing Information

Processed in October of 2010.


Bibliography

The MNA library has published copies of the “Proposed Findings of Fact in Behalf of the Navajo Tribe of Indians” (see 340 u58p), as well as another copy of the “Plaintiff Exhibits, 2-499.”


Container List

Series 1: Navajo Land Claim 1938-1965 97 cm textual material, 9 notebooks, 4 maps
This series contains records from the Navajo land claim cases, including Docket 229, which encompasses the overall Navajo land claim as well as Docket 196: Hopi overlap, Dockets 227/266: Acoma-Laguna overlap, Dockets 91: Havasupai overlap and Dockets 30/48/22-D/22-J: Miscellaneous Apache overlap. Records included are defense and plaintiff’s exhibits and statements, reports, notes, maps, hearing transcripts, and archeological surveys.
Series 1: Navajo Land Claim
Subseries 1.1: Overall Navajo Land Claim Research Materials
Subseries 1.2: Apache Overlap
Subseries 1.3: Havasupai Overlap
Subseries 1.5: Acoma/Laguna Overlap
Subseries 1.1: Overall Navajo Land Claim Research Materials 1942-1964 74.75 textual material, 9 notebooks, 4 maps
This subseries contains records from Docket 229, which encompasses the overall Navajo land claim. Included are plaintiff’s exhibits, plaintiff’s statements, maps, reports, clippings, and notes related to the overall Navajo land claim area, with the exception of specific information relating to the Hopi, Apache, Havasupai, and Acoma/Laguna overlap areas, which are addressed in their own respective subseries.
BoxFolder
11 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: List/Index, undated
12 [Docket 229] Index of Navajo Plaintiff's Exhibits, circa 1958-1963
13 [Docket 229] Preliminary Summaries of Navajo Boundaries, 1952-1958
14 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Navajo Northern Boundary Notes, circa 1958
15 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Navajo Western Boundary Notes, 1958
16 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Navajo Eastern Boundary Notes, circa 1958-1963
17 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Navajo Southern Boundary, circa 1958-1963
18 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Navajo Southeastern Boundary Notes, 1958
19 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Bear Spring/Zuni Area, circa 1958-1963
110 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Cañon de Chelly, Chuska, Ft. Defiance, Pueblo Colorado, etc., circa 1958-1963
111 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Cañoncito Navajos, circa 1958-1963
112 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Mesa de la Vaca - Calabasa, circa 1958-1963
113 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Mount Taylor - Cebolleta, circa 1958-1963
114 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Hopi Area, Moqui, circa 1958-1963
115 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Puerco of the West, Non-Reservation Navajos, circa 1958-1963
BoxFolder
21 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Agriculture, circa 1958-1963
22 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Hogans Burned, circa 1958-1963
23 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Peace and Provocation, circa 1958-1963
24 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Population, circa 1958-1963
25 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Slavery, circa 1958-1963
26 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Supporting Archeological Data, 1960
27 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Translations From Spanish Documents, 1961
28 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Treaties and Agreements, circa 1958-1963
29 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Gold Hunting, General Sherman, Surveys, circa 1958-1963
210 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Clyde Kluckhohn Testimony, Notes, 1960-1961
BoxFolder
MF 19 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Navajo Reservation Maps, undated
BoxFolder
211 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibit: Index to Data on Map (898BB), circa 1958-1963
212 [Docket 229] Index of Place Names, Map Coordinates, 1960
213 "Report on Maps Concerning the Navajo Tribe of Indians in the Cartographic Records Branch, National Archives", circa 1958-1963
214 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits, 26-626 [4 folders], undated
BoxFolder
34 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Exhibits: Narrative Statements [2 of 2], 1960-1961
BoxFolder
42 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Statements: Eastern and Western Sectors, circa 1958-1963
43 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Statements: Northern Sector, circa 1958-1963
44 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Statements: Southern Sector, circa 1958-1963
45 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Statements: Jemez, circa 1958-1963
46 [Docket 229] Plaintiff's Statements: Notes, circa 1958-1963
47 [Docket 229] Rebuttal Notes, 1957-1961
48-9 [Docket 229] Notes on the Defense [2 folders], 1960-1961
410 [Docket 229] Digest: Defense Exhibits G185-G235, circa 1958-1963
411 [Docket 229] Digest: Defense Exhibits R1-R178, circa 1958-1963
BoxFolder
51 [Docket 229] Documents, vol IV, undated
52 Southwest Native American Legal/Cultural Notebooks, 1963-1965
53 Bibliographic Note Cards, circa 1958-1963
54-5 Notes From Published Sources [4 folders], circa 1958-1963
BoxFolder
63 Canyon de Chelly Field Notes [by DeHarport & Earl Morris], 1957-1959
64 "An Archeological Survey of Canyon de Chelly, Northeastern Arizona": Excerpt, 1959-1960
65 Navajo Claims Archeology Notebook, 1960-1961
66 Navajo Sacred Places: Maps, Correspondence, Reports, 1951-1959
67 Prehistoric Pueblo: Traditions of Contact With Navajo, Language Statistics, circa 1958-1963
68 Utes: Notes, Brochure, circa 1958-1963
BoxFolder
71 Piute: Notes, Correspondence, Census, Map, 1958-1961
72 Yavapai: Notes, Map, circa 1958-1963
73 Contemporary Newspaper Accounts: Clippings, Notes, circa 1958-1963
74 National Park Service: Booklets, Clipping, Form, 1942-1962
75 BIA Reports: Archeological Field Research Regarding Navajo Claim With Calculations, 1961
76 BIA Reports: Shelters, Pottery, Blessingway, 1960
BoxFolder
69 Navajo History to 1846, American Period, 1960
610 "Preliminary Report on Library Research Connection With the Navajo Claims Case", circa 1958-1963
BoxFolder
97 Correspondence Regarding Disposition of the "Proposed Findings of Fact in Behalf of the Navajo Tribe of Indians…", 1967
Subseries 1.2: Apache Overlap 1951-1963 5 textual material
This subseries relates to Dockets 30/48/22-D/22-J, the Apache overlap areas that the Navajo were trying to prove ancestrally belonged to them. Included are notes, statements, and exhibits regarding the Chiracauhua, Warm Springs, Jicarilla, Western, and San Carlos Apaches. There is also a photocopy of Grenville Goodwin's Apache Manuscript.
BoxFolder
77 Docket 22: Apache Statement Notes, Exhibits, 1951-1957
78 Docket 22A: Jicarilla, Western, San Carlos Apache, [etc.] Notes, 1959
79 Docket 48: Chiracauhua and Warm Springs Apache Notes, circa 1958-1963
710 "[Grenville] Goodwin's Apache Manuscript", 1961
Subseries 1.3: Havasupai Overlap circa 1958-1963 1 textual material
This subseries relates to Docket 91, the Havasupai overlap areas that the Navajo were trying to prove ancestrally belonged to them. Included is the Havasupai hearing transcript, and notes.
BoxFolder
711 Docket 91: Havasupai Hearing Transcript, Notes, circa 1958-1960
Subseries 1.4: Hopi Overlap 1938-1963 12.25 textual material
This subseries relates to Docket 196, the Hopi overlap areas that the Navajo were trying to prove ancestrally belonged to them. Included are notes on Hopi ethnography, historic homeland, Navajo-Hopi contact, history of the Navajo-Hopi land dispute, Harold S. Colton’s Hopi notes [copies], defense exhibits, transcripts, maps, publications, and an archeological survey relating to the overlap area.
BoxFolder
81 Docket 196: Hopi Bibliography, Publications, Notes, circa 1958-1963
82 Docket 196: Hopi Ethnography, Publications, Notes, circa 1958-1963
83 Docket 196: Hopi Notes, Maps, 1961
84-5 Docket 196: Hopi Defense Exhibits, Notes [2 folders], circa 1958-1963
86 Docket 196: Harold S. Colton Hopi Notes, 1938-1953
87 History of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute: Bibliographic Notes, Timeline, 1962
BoxFolder
91 History of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute: Hopi Notes, Transcript, 1960
92 [Docket 229] Plaintiff Exhibits: History of the Navajo-Hopi Land Dispute: Navajo Country, circa 1958-1963
93 Navajo-Hopi Contact: Notes, 1936, circa 1958-1963
94 "Report of the Archeological Survey of the Navajo-Hopi Contact Area": Manuscript by Richard F. Van Valkenburgh & J. Lee Correll, 1959
Subseries 1.5: Acoma/Laguna Overlap 1953-1959 4 textual material
This subseries relates to Dockets 227/266, the Acoma/Laguna overlap areas that the Navajo were trying to prove ancestrally belonged to them. Included are notes on the Acoma/Laguna-Navajo land disputes, and the Acoma and Laguna hearing transcripts.
BoxFolder
95 Docket 227, 266: Acoma/Laguna - Navajo Land Disputes, 1957
96 Docket 227/266: Acoma and Laguna Hearing Transcripts, Notes, Documentation, 1953-1959
Series 2: Archeological Research 1949-1964 79.5 cm textual, 1550 photographic images (41 transparencies, 1509 prints, 1509 negatives)
This series contains records from DeHarport’s archeological research prior to and after his work with the Navajo Claims. The first subseries encompasses the research he did on Canyon de Chelly as a PhD candidate and later as a research associate for the Museum of Northern Arizona and the Navajo Tribe. The second subseries contains DeHarport’s research reports on various other archeological sites and Native Americans.
Series 2: Archeological Research
Subseries 2.1: Canyon de Chelly Research
Subseries 2.1: Other Research Reports
Subseries 2.1: Canyon de Chelly Research 1949-1963 77.25 cm textual, 1550 photographic images (41 transparencies, 1509 prints, 1509 negatives)
This subseries contains records from DeHarport’s research on Canyon de Chelly. Included are his doctoral dissertation, his report on illegal excavations, field notes, and photographic images.
BoxFolder
106-8 An Archeological Survey of Canyon de Chelly, Northeastern Arizona; a Puebloan Community Through Time [10 folders], 1959
BoxFolder
124 Notes on Illegal Excavation in Canyon de Chelly, 1962-1963
125 "A Report on Illegal Excavations in Canyon de Chelly National Monument and Adjacent Portions of the Chinle Valley, Arizona", circa 1963
BoxFolder
131 Reports on Canyon de Muerto, 1963
132-3 Canyon de Chelly Field Notes [photocopies] [2 folders], 1957-1959
134 Canyon de Chelly: Preliminary Reports for Field Seasons 1948-1949, 1957-1959, 1949-1959
135 Transparencies: Canyon de Chelly, Rodeo, Sand & Driftwood, 1957
136-7 Canyon de Chelly Photograph Inventory [2 folders], 1949-1951
Box
PN 101, PN 103, PN 105, PN 107, PN 109 - PN 113, Box 14 [negatives] Canyon de Chelly Photographic Images (Prints and Negatives), 1949-1951
Subseries 2.2: Other Research Reports 1950-1964 2.25 cm textual
This subseries contains DeHarport’s research reports on various other archeological sites and Native Americans. Included are reports for the BIA and from his trips to California and India.
BoxFolder
101 "Notes on the Yokuts", 1950
102 "Notes on the Yurok", 1950
103 UNESCO Ajanta Caves Mission: Notes, Correspondence, Report, 1955
104 Resume and Qualifications, 1960
105 "Tourism to Zuni: Highway 53 Association BIA Project", 1964
Series 3: Littell v. Udall 1967 .25 cm textual material
This series is comprised of the “Proposed Findings of Fact” for Littell v. Udall case.
BoxFolder
98 "Little v. Udall: Opinion, Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law and Permanent Injunction", 1965