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Lois Jotter Cutter Collection,1938-1995.


NAU.MS.69
NAU.PH.95.3
NAU.MI.95.3


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Cutter, Lois Jotter
Collection NameLois Jotter Cutter Collection,
Inclusive Dates: 1938-1995.
Physical Description4 inches
AbstractThe Lois Jotter Cutter Collection pertains to Dr. Cutter's participation in the 1938 University of Michigan [Nevills] Expedition which descended the Colorado river from Green River, Utah to Lake Mead, Arizona. The collection consists primarily of correspondence related to this expedition, but also includes Cutter's personal journal from the 1938 trip, biographical information, and publications relating to the Expedition.
Collection Number
NAU.MS.69
NAU.PH.95.3
NAU.MI.95.3
Language English.
Repository Cline Library. Special Collections and Archives Department.
Northern Arizona University
Box 6022
Flagstaff, AZ 86011-6022
Phone: 928 523 5551
Fax: 928 523 3770
Email: Special.Collections@nau.edu

Biographical Note

The Lois Jotter Cutter Collection pertains to Dr. Cutter's participation in the 1938 University of Michigan [Nevills] Expedition which descended the Colorado. The collection consists primarily of correspondence related to this expedition, but also includes Cutter's personal journal from the 1938 trip, biographical information, and publications relating to the Expedition.

The 1938 Nevills Expedition down the Colorado River from Green River, Utah to Lake Mead, Arizona was one of several pioneering trips undertaken in the early years of Colorado river running history. The Nevills Expedition is of particular interest, though, because of the contributions it made to the history and knowledge of the Colorado River basin. This expedition featured the first women to successfully descend the Colorado River through the Grand Canyon. It also contributed to the scientific knowledge of the Southwest through the botanical specimens collected by members of the expedition.

The idea for the Nevills Expedition was conceived in the summer of 1937 by Norman Nevills and Elzada Clover in Mexican Hat, Utah. Clover, a botany professor at the University of Michigan, met Nevills, a resident of Mexican Hat and aspiring river guide, while studying botanical specimens in the southwest during her summer vacation. Both were intrigued by the idea of a river descent to the newly created Lake Mead and agreed to organize and participate in an expedition the following summer.

Originally, the trip was planned as a research expedition to "botanize" underexplored parts of the Grand Canyon. Clover presented her ideas to the University of Michigan and received some funding for the trip in exchange for promises that the trip would yield botanical specimens for research and display at the Michigan campus. Neville and Clover decided that six people were needed for the trip and each agreed to secure two additional crew members. These other members of the expedition included Lois Jotter and Eugene Atkinson from the University of Michigan, William Gibson from San Francisco, and Nevill's friend, Don Harris. Harris and Atkinson left the expedition at Lee's Ferry and were replaced there by local adventurers Lorin Bell and Del Reed.

Lois Cutter was a close friend and former roommate of Clover's at the University of Michigan. The twenty-four year old Cutter was a Graduate student in Botany at Michigan and also worked as a Teaching Assistant in the Botany Department. The daughter of a professor of Forestry at the University of Michigan, Cutter received her MA degree in Botany and Biology from Michigan in 1936. Jotter was a logical choice to accompany the expedition because aside from her scientific training and strong relationship with Clover, Jotter had a good deal of outdoors experience. This experience included hiking, camping, and rowing as well as an eight week training program for National Park Service naturalists Jotter had participated in during the summer of 1937.

The three boats for the Nevills Expedition were custom designed and handmade by Nevills and Don Harris. They were called the Wen, the Botany, and the Mexican Hat. The expedition started in Green River, Utah, on June 20, 1938 and ended at Lake Mead, Arizona on August 1, 1938. The trip lasted forty-three days and covered over 650 miles. Though the botanical collections were not as comprehensive as originally planned, Elzada Clover and Lois Jotter did make history by becoming the first women to successfully descend the Colorado River through its major rapids.

After the 1938 expedition Lois Jotter did not return to the Colorado River until September 1994, when she accepted an offer to participate once again as a botanist. Demands from her family and career kept Lois from returning earlier, but she states, "Maybe the most compelling reason for not returning to the river, was that there were always new places and new plants to see. During the fifty-six years between her river trips, Jotter married Victor Cutter, Jr. in 1942 and received her Ph.D. in Botany from the University of Michigan in 1943. After receiving her Ph.D., Lois turned her attention to raising a family, giving birth to Ann in 1943 and Victor III in 1950. After the death of her husband in 1962, Lois continued her academic career, working as a professor of Botany at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro from 1963 until her retirement in 1984.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists primarily of correspondence relating to the Nevills Expedition. This correspondence includes letters from Cutter to family members and friends before and during the expedition, letters to Cutter from members of the expedition in the years following the trip, and letters form various individuals doing research on the Colorado River. This collection is arranged based on topical categories. Within these topical categories, the documents are arranged chronologically in order to promote historical context and continuity.

This collection is important because it provides information on the first women to successfully navigate the major rapids of the Colorado River. In addition to providing this historical information, this collection also provides insight into the female river running experience. Elzada Clover and Lois Jotter Cutter were truly pioneers in the American West and this collection provides important information on these historical figures.


Organization

0rganized in five series.
I. Literary production, 1938-1994.
II. Personal correspondence, 1938-1994.
III. Research correspondence, 1947-1995.
IV. Photographs.
V. Moving Images, 1938.

Restrictions

Restrictions

None

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for Northern Arizona University, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.


Related Material

Norm and Doris Nevills collection, [photographs] NAU.PH.99.6
Joseph V. Brazie collection, [photographs] NAU.PH.95.11
Georgie Clark collection, [manuscript] NAU.MS.270
Plez Talmadge Reilly collection, [manuscript] NAU.MS.275
Bill Belknap [photographs] NAU.PH.96.4
USGS Old Timers' [photographs] NAU.PH.94.37
Bill Belknap collection, [manuscript] NAU.MS.288
Carnegie-Cal Tech Collection, [manuscript] NAU.MS.293
Martin J. Anderson Collection, [manuscript] NAU.MS.77
Grand Canyon River Guides records, [manuscript] NAU.MS.247 and NAU.OH.53.39 [oral history with Lois]
Emery Kolb papers, [manuscript] NAU.MS.197
Edith Kolb Lehnert papers, [manuscript] NAU.MS.222
Georgie Clark collection. Delphine Gallagher, [photographs] NAU.PH.93.05

Access Points

Personal Name(s)
Clover, Elzada Urseba, 1897-
Cook, William (William E.)
Cutter, Lois Jotter--Correspondence.
Cutter, Lois Jotter--Diaries.
Cutter, Lois Jotter--Journeys--Arizona--Grand Canyon.
Marston, Otis R.

Geographic Name(s)
Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico)--Description and travel.
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)--Description and travel.

Subject(s)
Scientific expeditions--Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico)
Women botanists--United States.
Women--Travel--Arizona--Grand Canyon--20th century--History.
Women--United States.


Administrative Information

Credit Line

Lois Jotter Cutter Collection, NAU.MS.69 , Cline Library, Special Collections and Archives Dept.

Lois Jotter Cutter Collection, NAU.PH.95.3, Cline Library, Special Collections and Archives Dept.

Lois Jotter Cutter Collection, NAU.MI.95.3, Cline Library, Special Collections and Archives Dept.


Container List

Series one, box 1, literary productions, 1938-1994.
This series consists of four topically and chronologically arranged folders. These folders contain information on the 1938 Nevills Expedition, biographical information about Lois Jotter Cutter, and media articles pertaining to Elzada Clover's participation in the 1938 river trip
Of particular interest in this series is Cutter's original journal from the Nevills Expedition. The journal entries stop before the party reached Lake Mead, but this item does present a firsthand, day-by-day account of activities for the majority of the trip. In addition, this series contains a typed transcript of Cutter's journal.
Box-folder
1.1 Cutter biographical information, 1994.
Box-folder
1.2 Original trip log, 1938.
Box-folder
1.3 Trip information, 1994.
Box-folder
1.4 Publications, 1939-1941.
Series two, box 1, personal correspondence, 1938-1994.
This series consists of eleven topically and chronologically arranged folders. These folders contain letters received as well as letters sent by Cutter. Several of the correspondents were members of the 1938 river trip. Other correspondents include Cutter's family and friends.
This series includes several letters sent by Cutter to her parents prior to the 1938 expedition. These letters include Cutter's announcement of her invitation to join the expedition, a request by Cutter to her parents for the financial backing needed to participate, and letters from Cutter to her parents asking them not to worry about her safety. Additionally, this series includes several letters written by Cutter to her roommate in Michigan. These letters were sent from various points along the trip including Lee's Ferry and Grand Canyon Village and reveal Cutter's unique perspective.
Box-folder
1.5 Pre-trip family correspondence, 1938-(1994).
Box-folder
1.6 Trip correspondence with parents, 1938.
Box-folder
1.7 Kay Hussey, 1938-(1994).
Box-folder
1.8 Buzz Holstrom, 1938-1940.
Box-folder
1.9 Del Reed, 1938-1940.
Box-folder
1.10 Don Harris, 1938-1939.
Box-folder
1.11 William Gibson, 1938.
Box-folder
1.12 Lorin Bell, 1938-1939.
Box-folder
1.13 Frank Dodge, 1938.
Box-folder
1.14 Frank Masland, Jr., 1949-1950.
Box-folder
1.15 Otis "Dock" Marston, 1960.
Series three, box 1, research correspondence, 1947-1995.
Series three consists of six folders arranged in topical and chronological order. These folders contain both incoming and outgoing correspondence between Cutter and a variety of individuals seeking research information about Cutter and her experiences with the Nevills Expedition.
Correspondents in this series include Otis "Dock" Marston, Roderick Nash, and William Cook, author of a book on the 1938 Nevills Expedition entitled, "The Wen, the Botany, and the Mexican Hat." Through this correspondence, one notices both Cutter's pride in her accomplishment and her reluctance to serve as a historical novelty item.
Box-folder
1.16 Otis "Dock" Marston, 1947.
Box-folder
1.17 William Cook, 1989-1985.
Box-folder
1.18 Fred Eiseman, Jr., 1975.
Box-folder
1.19 Robert Collins, Roderick Nash, 1979.
Box-folder
1.20 Robert Webb, 1995.
Box-folder
1.21 Collection correspondence, 1995.
Series Four, Photographs, NAU.PH.95.3.1-53, 1938-1994.
51 black-and-white photographs, 2 color photographs, and 12 black-and-white negatives.
Of the 53 photographs contained in the collection, forty-nine were taken during the 1938 Nevills-University of Michigan trip down the Colorado River from Green River, Utah to Lake Mead, Arizona, primarily in the Grand Canyon. They document various aspects of the trip: collecting plants, running rapids, hiking to the South Rim up the Bright Angel Trail. The remaining four images are portraits of Lois Jotter Cutter and her family. For related material, see the Lois Jotter Cutter manuscript collection and the book 'The Wen, The Botany, and the Mexican Hat' by William Cook.
NAU.PH.95.3.1: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Lee's Ferry - Note stone work of the old Mormon Ferry road. Walls here about 500 feet in height, left bank., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Lees Ferry (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.2: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Navajo Bridge near Lee's Ferry. Highest (500 feet) highway bridge. Note automobiles at right end of bridge, which is 600 feet long., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.) // Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, .
NAU.PH.95.3.3: Lorin Bell's camera, 1938. Our nicest camp - lots of stone ledges for tables. Norm, Dell, Loren, MLJ., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.4: Bell, Lorin, 1938. Typical canyon views: 2000 - 3000 feet up., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.5: Bell, Lorin, 1938. Typical canyon views: Talus below "sheer wall"., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.6: Bell, Lorin, 1938. Upset Rapids or possibly Soap Creek., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.7: Bell, Lorin, July 16, 1938. Vasey's Paradise Waterfall - 70 feet high., Vaseys Paradies (Ariz.) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.) // Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.8: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Marble Canyon. Walls about 1500 feet [River mile 49, looking downstream]., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.) // Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.9: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Marble Canyon - Note talus with willows, terrace effect of side walls. Walls - 2000 feet [looking downstream at Triple Alcoves, river mile 46]., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.) // Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.10: , July 1938. Hiking up Bright Angel Trail - Grand Canyon - MLJ, Elzie, ?, Bill, Norm, pack mule., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.11: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Across Colorado by mule carriage at entrance of Bright Angel Creek - standing - Racher & MLJ, standing Bill, Elzie, Norm., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, .
NAU.PH.95.3.12: Clover, Elzada, 1938. Looking over rapids previous to running. Water upstream is smooth, head of rapids to extreme right. Left to right; Bill, Dell, Norm, Lorin, MLJ. [Possibly Horn Creek.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.13: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Lining operations: At Hermit Creek Rapid - "Explosion" wave in center - Water velocity here estimated at 30 miles an hour., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.14: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Lining operations: At Hermit Creek. Boat swinging down, held by bow and stern ropes., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.15: Lorin Bell's camera, July 1938. Lining operations: Hermit Creek. Note smooth tongue of river to left center, and size of rocks. Loren., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.16: Bell, Lorin, 1938. Typical rapid., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.17: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Typical rapid. Norm. [Possibly at Horn Creek.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.18: Lorin Bell's camera, July 1938. Typical rapids, Loren., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.19: Lorin Bell's camera, July 1938. Loren [Bell in rapid in Grand Canyon.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.20: Lorin Bell's camera., July 1938. Accident in rapids - note oar to left in perpendicular position due to bending of oarlock made of 3/4 inch welded steel., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.21: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Below Grand Canyon - walls - 2000-5000 ft. Elzie, Norm standing. Jotter seated on deck, Dell rowing., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.22: Lorin Bell's camera, July 1938. Typical camp scene. Note wide sand-beach bordered by rock ledges. Dell, Norm, Loren., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.23: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Typical of boat riding waves. Dell., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.24: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Smooth "ponded" portion of river above a small rapids - see upper left., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.25: Harris, Don [?], 1938. Supper in Cataract Canyon - Bill Gibson, Elzada, Lois., Cataract Canyon (Utah). Black-and-White Photograph, 24 x 20.
NAU.PH.95.3.26: Gibson, Bill [?], July 1938. [Bill Gibson, Buzz Holmstrom, Lois Jotter, Eugene Atkinson on Navajo Bridge, July 1938.], Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 8 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.27: Gibson, Bill [?], July 1938. [Buzz Holmstrom presenting Lois Jotter with his waterproof match case. Navajo Bridge, July, 1938.], Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 8.
NAU.PH.95.3.28: Gibson, Bill [?], July 1938. [Bill Gibson, Buzz Holmstrom, Eugene Atkinson, and Lois Jotter on the Navajo Bridge, July, 1938.], Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 8 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.29: Gibson, Bill [?], July 1938. [Buzz Holmstrom on Navajo Bridge, July, 1938.], Marble Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 8.
NAU.PH.95.3.30: Clover, Elzada, July 1938. Tamarisk at river's edge - Grand Canyon. [Badger Rapid?], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 8.
NAU.PH.95.3.31: Lorin Bell's camera, July 1938. Before lunch collection putting up at Vasey's Paradise, Lorin Elzie, MLJ., Vaseys Paradise (Ariz.) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.32: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Descent: top to bottom; Bill Elzie, Norm, Lois. [Cable car across Colorado River at Bright Angel.], Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.33: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Bright Angel suspension bridge, seen from Kaibab Trail., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.34: Kolb Studio, July 1938. Nevills Colorado River Expedition - 1938. Gibson, Jotter, Bell, Clover, Kolb, Nevills., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 16.
NAU.PH.95.3.35: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. [Emery] Kolb his grandson [Emery Lehnert] & Norm at foot of Kaibab Trail. Grand Canyon., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.36: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Either Hermit Creek or Lava Falls lining job. [Is Hermit Creek]., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 6 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.37: Possibly Elzada Clover, July 1938. [Below Fossil Rapid about 126 mile.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 7 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.38: Possibly Elzada Clover, July 1938. [Mouth of Havasu Creek, looking into Colorado River.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.) // Havasu Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 11 x 8.
NAU.PH.95.3.39: Possibly Elzada Clover, July 1938. [Nevills - University of Michigan trip, Grand Canyon, July 1938.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 7 x 10.
NAU.PH.95.3.40: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Agave on skyline., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.41: Possibly Elzada Clover, July 1938. [Canyon landscape.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 8 x 11.
NAU.PH.95.3.42: Clover, Elzada, July 1938. Lois Jotter going down the Colorado River 1938., Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 17 x 24.
NAU.PH.95.3.43: photographer unknown, July 1938. [Nevills - University of Michigan expedition, camped in Grand Canyon July, 1938.], Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico) // Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 17 x 23.
NAU.PH.95.3.44: Possibly Elzada Clover, July 1938. [Lorin Bell? in Grand Canyon July, 1938.], Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 8.
NAU.PH.95.3.45: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Elzie., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.46: Bell, Lorin, July 1938. Dell Reed., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.47: Bell, Lorin, July 16, 1938. [Lois Jotter at] Vasey's Paradise collecting., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 10 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.48: photographer unknown, 1938. Jotter not dressed up., Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 21 x 18.
NAU.PH.95.3.49: Clover, Elzada, July 1938. [Lois Jotter with large Ferocactus.], Grand Canyon (Ariz.). Black-and-White Photograph, 31 x 27.
NAU.PH.95.3.50: photographer unknown, September 1938. [Lois Jotter, 1938.], Washington (D.C.). Black-and-White Photograph, 21 x 16.
NAU.PH.95.3.51: Smith Studio, ca. 1960. Victor M. Cutter Jr., Raleigh (N.C.). Black-and-White Photograph, 9 x 6.
NAU.PH.95.3.52: photographer unknown, 1993. With happy memories - Mary Lou [Ann and Lois Cutter, Greensboro, N.C., 1993]., Greensboro (N.C.). Color Photograph, 10 x 15.
NAU.PH.95.3.53: photographer unknown, August 1994. [Victor M. Cutter III at his wedding: August 1994, California.], California. Color Photograph, 18 x 13.
Series Five, Moving Images, NAU.MI.95.3.1-2, 1938.
Includes transfers from Beta (master) and VHS (use copy). Please contact Cline Library: Special Collections and Archives Department for more information regarding original reels.
Jotter Film/Nevills Trip. (NAU.MI.95.3.1), 1938.
VHS.
Jotter Film/Nevills Trip. (NAU.MI.95.3.1), 1938.
Reels 1-2, 16mm original reel.
Colorado River. (NAU.MI.95.3.2), n.d.
VHS.