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Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Collection, 1900-2015


NAU.OH.68
NAU.PH.97.33


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Ceballos Munoz, Delia 1951-
Collection NameLos Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Collection,
Inclusive Dates: 1996-2015
Physical Description 4 linear ft.
Description The Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Collection consists of a set of oral history interviews and family photographs of various individuals with Hispanic backgrounds that settled or were born in northern Arizona near the beginning of the twentieth century. Subjects include early life in Flagstaff or Williams, the Depression-era, bootlegging, school and work, ethnic foods, racial discrimination, church, and items unique to each individual.
Collection Number
NAU.OH.68
NAU.PH.97.33
Language English.
Repository Cline Library. Special Collections and Archives Department.
Northern Arizona University
Box 6022
Flagstaff, AZ 86011-6022
Phone: 928 523 5551
Fax: 928 523 3770
Email: Special.Collections@nau.edu

Biographical Note

In 1997, with the encouragement of Hispanic community leaders, local scholars, and NAU historians, NAU Cline Library began conducting oral history interviews with members of Flagstaff's community of Basque, Spanish and Mexican-Americans. Original photographs were often loaned to Cline Library for copying purposes by the families who were interviewed for this project. The families represented in this documentation are all listed below and represent a varied perspective on this diverse community. Photographs depict daily life, work, and special occasions.

Life-time Flagstaff resident and well-respected member of the Hispanic community and library staff member, Delia Ceballos Munoz, was chosen as the principal interviewer for this project. Her desire to share and document the stories of Flagstaff natives has become an ongoing labor of love. Cline Library hopes that more families will step forward with their stories and photographs in order to help preserve this important part of the region's heritage.


Scope and Content Note

The Los recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff cCollection consists of two series. Series one contains a set of interviews with various individuals with Hispanic backgrounds that settled or born in Flagstaff and Williams near the beginning of the twentieth century. Subjects discussed include early life, the Depression-era, bootlegging, school and work, ethnic foods, racial discrimination, church, and items unique to each individual.

Series two include family photographs of individuals who participated in the Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff oral histories.

Significant funding to support this project has been received through grants from the Arizona Humanities Council (1997), and later the renamed Arizona Humanities (2014).


Organization

Organized into two series.
NAU.OH.68.1-36, 1996-2015
NAU.PH.97.33.1-18, 1900-1970

Restrictions

Restrictions

None.

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for Northern Arizona University, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.


Related Material

Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company Collection, 1893-1954.
Saginaw and Manistee Lumber Company/Stone Forest Collection, 1902-1953.

Access Points

Corporate Name(s)
Arizona Lumber and Timber Company.
Saginaw-Manistee Lumber Company.
Southwest Forest Industries.
United States. Navajo Army Depot Activity.

Geographic Name(s)
Flagstaff (Ariz.)--History.
Flagstaff (Ariz.)--Social life and customs.
Los Chantes (Flagstaff, Ariz.)
Williams (Ariz.)--History.
Williams (Ariz.)--Social life and customs.

Subject(s)
Depressions--1929--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Discrimination.
Hispanic American families--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Hispanic American men--Arizona--Flagstaff--Interviews.
Hispanic American neighborhoods--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Hispanic American soldiers--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Hispanic American women--Arizona--Flagstaff--Interviews.
Logging--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Mexicans--Arizona--Flagstaff--Interviews.
Music--Arizona--Flagstaff--History.
Prohibition--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Prohibition--Arizona--Williams.
Prostitution--Arizona--Flagstaff.
Prostitution--Arizona--Williams.
Religious life and customs--Hispanic Americans.
Sawmills--Arizona--Flagstaff.

Genre Form(s)
Oral histories.
Transcripts.


Administrative Information

Credit Line

Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Collection [audio/visual recordings], NAU.OH.68, Cline Library. Special Collections and Archives Dept.

Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Collection [photographs], NAU.PH.97.33, Cline Library. Special Collections and Archives Dept.


Container List

Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Oral History Collection, NAU.OH.68.1-65, 1996-2015.
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68.1 Carmen Vergara, 1997.
Carmen Nunez Vergara was born to Alejandro and Pabla Vergara on July 11, 1926. Carmen's mother and father came to work in the Flagstaff logging industry from Durango, Mexico via the mining towns of south and central Arizona, and the logging camp of Mt. Graham. Her father bought the family house in 1937 and rebuilt it over several years. Carmen and her siblings were born in Flagstaff.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.2 Bernadino Reyes, 1997.
In this oral history interview, Bernardino Reyes discusses his experiences at a logging camp, school memories, church, entertainment, and bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.3 Benjamin Aginiga, 1996.
Benjamin Aginiga speaks about hard times for his family, the neighborhood, discrimination, and jobs that he held. Benjamin Aginiga describes family life in Guanajuato, Mexico, early memories of Flagstaff, logging and working in local sawmills, tire bonfires, eating sugarcane, attending new school. He also discusses getting liquor during Prohibition, local bootleggers, and local dances. Transcript of interview included. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.4 Roberto Morales, 1997.
Robert Morales describes his early life in Flagstaff, being poor, school, Los Chantes, church, raising animals and gardening, doctors, and teaching in Seligman. He also mentions local bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.5 Margarita Martinez de Gomez, 1997.
Margarita Martinez de Gomez was born in 1909 and came to Flagstaff from Madrid, Spain as a little girl. Margarita attended Brannen school and St. Anthony's Catholic school. In 1928 Margarita married Florindo Fonseca Gomez who was a sheepherder, and also from Spain. Together, Margarita and Florindo raised 3 children, Angel (born in 1931), Floyd (born in 1932), and Matilde (born in 1935).
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.6 Jessie Alonzo, 2000.
Jessie Jimenez Alonzo discusses her parents and early life in Flagstaff, local sawmills, carpentry, and ranching. She also describes her Army Depot job. Social activities mentioned include casinos, movies, tap dancing, stage comedy. She shares memories of bootlegging, cockfights, gambling and killing in Chantes, as well as, prostitution in Depression-era Flagstaff. Transcript of interview included. Link to associated photographs found below under references. Jessie Jimenez Alonzo was born on August 8, 1923. She and her siblings were reared in a house built by their father on Armory Road. Both of her parents were originally from Mexico and came to Flagstaff in the early 1900's. Jessie's father worked at various locations including the Arizona Lumber and Timber sawmill. Jessie went to segregated and integrated schools in Flagstaff where the Hispanic children were not allowed to speak Spanish in the classroom. Before starting her own family, Jessie worked at the Navajo Army Depot in Bellemont. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.7 Lillian Davila Mayorga Chavez, 1997.
Lillian Ortiz Mayorga Chavez describes early life in Flagstaff and the Chantes, making soap, movies and the theatre, dances, church, doctors, home remedies, and bootlegging. She also discusses the Mexican Revolution history. Link to associated family photographs found below under references. Lillian Ortiz Mayorga Chavez was born in Flagstaff on April 23, 1943. She and her brother were orphaned as young children and then adopted by Benito and Maria Mayorga. Benito worked at the Saginaw sawmill and Maria worked at home cleaning, washing, ironing, cooking, and taking care of the children. Lillian attributes her strict Catholic upbringing to the Mexican heritage and values of her parents. Interview funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.8 Guadalupe Sanchez, 1997.
Guadalupe Sanchez discusses work, ethnic foods, church, and family. Spanish language transcript and English translation of interview included. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the Spanish audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation transcript for this interview.
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68.9 Jose Morales, 1997.
Jose V. Morales talks about his early life in Flagstaff, training school, the sawmills, local entertainment, church, doctors and home remedies, and old friends. He describes bootlegging during the Depression. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.10 Gregorio Martinez, 1997.
Gregorio Martinez remembers his early life in Flagstaff and the Chantes, movies, working odd jobs, school, fires, boxing, dances, music, gambling, and bootlegging. Transcript of interview included. Link to associated family photographs found below under references. Gregorio (Curly) Martinez was born on November 11, 1911 in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Gregorio was the youngest of six children born to Merced and Cruz Martinez who were from Jalisco, Mexico. Curly's family moved from Albuquerque to Flagstaff to work in the mills. After Curly's father died, Curly's mother opened a boarding house. Curly left school at an early age and eventually established his own shoe shine business in downtown Flagstaff. Interview funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.11 Angie Barela and Polly Holmes, 1997.
Angie Barela and Polly Holmes reminisce about logging; the Chantes, school, church, San Francisco Street, dances, Christmas, going to the movies, eating squirrel, home remedies, and owning a Ford Model T automobile. Barela and Holmes mention Flagstaff during the Depression Era and bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.12 Emily Garcia Alonzo, 1997.
Emily Garcia Alonzo describes early life during the Depression in Flagstaff, her mother running a motel, Babbitt's slaughterhouse, logging, shooting squirrels with slingshots, attending school, local doctors, discrimination, movies, music, and weddings. She talks about the Depression and stories about bootlegging. She also talks about Los Angeles and the 1933 earthquake. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.13 Selsa Alonzo, 1997.
Selsa Alonzo describes logging, the Chantes, her education, church, weddings and baptismals, dances, babysitting, and working at Northern Arizona University. Her memories of Depression-era Flagstaff include bootlegging activities. During her adolescence she would 'sneak out' to meet boys and married at age sixteen. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.14 Maria Perez Velasco, 1997.
Maria Perez Velasco discusses early life in Flagstaff, work, and church. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the Spanish audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation transcript for this interview.
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68.15 Felicitas Bobadilla Diaz, 1997.
Felicitas Bobadilla Diaz remembers her parents moving to Flagstaff, the Babbitt family, discrimination, school, church, holidays, weddings and funerals, home remedies, midwiving, the red light district, and gambling. She also discusses Flagstaff during the Depression Era, bootlegging, working and sex discrimination. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.16 Stella Montoya, 1997.
In this oral history interview, Stella Sevedra Montoya remembers her early memories of Flagstaff, discrimination, church, owning a laundry, doctors, and local bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.17 Irene Vasquez Hernandez, 1997.
Irene Vasquez Hernandez remembers early life in Flagstaff, school, church, weddings, dances, doctors, and going to the movies. In addition, she discusses discrimination, bootlegging, and the red light district. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.18 Tomas Hernandez, 1996.
Tomas Hernandez remembers attending school and church, the Chantes, doctors, home remedies, and changes over time in Flagstaff. He also discusses discrimination and bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.19A Lucy Pedilla Ceballos, 1997.
Lucy Padilla Ceballos remembers her parents ranching in Concho, Dona Ascencion Sanchez and the Legionnaire Restaurant, childhood foods, school, church, weddings and funerals, movies, and folklore. She also describes Flagstaff during the Depression Era, including the red light district and bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.19B Lucy Pedilla Ceballos, 1999.
Transcript available on-site.
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68.20A Raymundo Ceballos, 1997.
Ray A. Ceballos discusses his father being with the Federales, memories of Pancho Villa, the Chantes, school, discrimination; church, weddings, holidays, movies, music, and dances. He remembers Flagstaff during the Depression Era describing bootlegging, a murder, brothels, and logging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.20B Raymundo Ceballos, 1997.
In this second interview, Ray A. Ceballos remembers working for the mill and railroad, school experiences, section houses, collecting rattlesnake rattlers, the Chantes, music, gambling, racial communities in Flagstaff, and employment in the California shipyards.
Click here to access this transcript.
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68.21 David R. Estrella, 1997.
David Estrella was born in 1927. He speaks about coming to Flagstaff, school and discrimination, activities, Mexican traditions, community celebrations, and jobs held. He remembers Flagstaff during the Depression Era, crime, encounter with a prostitute, bootlegging, working in the sawmill and curing asthma with marijuana. Link to associated family photographs found below under references. David Rodriguez Estrella was born July 18, 1927, one of 10 children. His father, Cruz Estrella was born in El Paso, Texas and his mother, Delores Chavez Estrella was born in New Mexico. David was raised by his grandmother, Blasa Rodriguez, who was well known in the Flagstaff Hispanic community as a currandera and midwife. David and his wife, Alicia Florez Estrella had 10 children, and for 48 years David worked for a Flagstaff sawmill. Interview funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.22 Leon Gomez, 1997.
Leon Gomez describes his early life in Mexico and experiences in the sawmill (including losing a finger), discrimination, stores, doctors, church, cemetery, and marrying a younger wife. He remembers Flagstaff during the Depression, including crime and bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the Spanish audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation transcript for this interview.
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68.23 Esperanza Sanchez Trillo, 1997.
Subjects discussed include early life in Flagstaff, Depression-era Flagstaff, bootlegging, school and work, ethnic foods, racial discrimination, church, and other reminiscences. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.24 Frank and Elsie Auza, 1997.
Frank and Elsie Auza discuss early life in Flagstaff, school, horses, boys, dances, celebrations and weddings, speaking Basco, church, child labor, and the Babbitt family. Frank Auza mentions logging in northern Arizona. Couple describes bootlegging during the Depression Era. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the Spanish audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation transcript for this interview.
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68.25 Vega Family Reunion, n.d. ,
Video version of family reunion available on-site.
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68.26 Frances O'Campo Ramirez, 1998.,
Frances O'Campo was born on April 1, 1919 in Flagstaff, Arizona to Juan and Melquiades O'Campo. Her parents had migrated from Mexico to work in the sawmills both in Williams and Flagstaff. While in Williams, Frances attended the Williams School District.
Click here to access part 1 of the Spanish/English language audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the Spanish language audio/video for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation transcript for part 2 of this interview.
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68.27 Esther Gutierrez Mayorga, 1997.
Esther Gutierrez Mayorga describes early life in Winslow, her Japanese neighborhood and the internment during World War II. She also recounts her memories of local doctors, school, church, the movies, festivities, and Depression Era Winslow- particularly bootlegging and Winslow's red light district. Audio version of interview of poor quality, but can be used in the Cline Library Special Collections and Archives Department. Transcript of interview. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the transcript for this interview.
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68.28 Andres (Andy) Ramirez, 1998.
Andy Ramirez describes his early life in Flagstaff and Williams, discrimination, school, military and National Guard service, logging, baseball, movies, dances, and music. He mentions life during the Depression in Williams, the red light district, and bootleggers. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.29 Alberto Almaraz, 2000.,
In this three part interview, Alberto Almaraz, who was born in Mexico in 1916, talks about leaving Mexico and coming to Cottonwood, Arizona with his family in 1928 to live with his father who worked for the Clemenceau Smelter. Alberto talks about the hard life that a family of eleven experienced during the depression and why he quit school at the age of seventeen, to work in the lumber industry in Williams and Flagstaff to help support his family.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 3 of the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.30 Carmen Almaraz Romero, 2000.,
In this oral history interview, Carmen Almaraz Romero who was born in 1923, talks about her family and the work that moved them from Prescott to Williams to Flagstaff, Arizona. Carmen describes the various jobs that she did as a teenager through adulthood, including cleaning for some of the prominent Anglo families in Flagstaff and working in the mess hall at the Navajo Army Depot in Bellemont, Arizona.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.31 Pete Luna Hernandez, 2000.,
Pete Luna Hernandez describes early life in Flagstaff, his father working at the sawmills, reuniting with his mother, his grandmother being in the Pancho Villa revolution, and working in a restaurant and at the Navajo Army Depot. He also reminiscences about school, farming and ranching, movies, music, and church. He discusses discrimination and bootlegging. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.32 Antonia Olvera Almaraz, 2000.
Antonia Olvera Almaraz describes early life and the Depression in Flagstaff, her mother working at Babbitt slaughterhouse, Murphy's logging camp; dry shrimp (Camaron), as well as, discrimination, movies, music, and family wakes. Transcript of interview included. Funded by grants from the Arizona Humanities Council.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview.
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68.33 Nana Bobadilla, 2000.
Audio version of interview. Transcript included. Both are available on-site.
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68.34 Procora (Coya) Vergara Martinez, 2002.,
In this oral history interview, Ms. Martinez discusses her transition to the United States through her sister's sponsorship in 1925 when she was nineteen years old. At the time, her sister ran a restaurant in Flagstaff. Procora was employed at the restaurant and considers this her only job she held in town. She discusses her adult life in a new country, and how after getting married and having children she began noticing discrimination. For a period of time she lived in a logging camp with her family and discusses various forms of entertainment while out there. This interview was conducted in Spanish at the request of the narrator.
Click here to access the audio and transcript/English translation for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.36 Frank Martinez, 2001.,
In this oral history interview with Frank Martinez, who was born in 1928, Frank talks about being raised by his grandparents. His grandfather was a barber and his grandmother ran a small grocery store. Frank talks about his neighborhood, friends, education and his own career as a barber in Flagstaff.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.37 Martin Torrez, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Martin Torrez, who was born in Flagstaff in 1930 talks about his family moving from New Mexico to Flagstaff in search of work during the Depression. He also recounts his memories of the traditions and celebrations that were a major component of the Hispanic community in Flagstaff. Mr. Torrez describes his own varied work history including his thirty-two years as a truck driver and some of the dangerous events that took place on the job as he hauled sand in Page during the construction of the Glen Canyon Dam.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.38 Dr. Rose Diaz, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Dr. Rose Diaz talks about the importance of preserving the pioneering history of a community and specifically the Hispanic history of Arizona and New Mexico. Dr. Diaz recounts the history of her family as copper miners in Jerome and as sawmill workers in Williams and Flagstaff and talks about her own educational experiences as she worked toward her degrees.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.39 Armando Bustamente, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Armando Bustamente recounts his family's work history in the mines of New Mexico and Arizona. Mr. Bustamente also describes the Flagstaff Hispanic community and his various employers in northern Arizona including the Southwest Lumber Company and the Navajo Army Depot.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.40 Gilbert Montoya, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Gilbert Montoya who was born in Flagstaff in 1940 talks about his family and his neighborhood. Gilbert also describes the foods, music and traditions that were so important to the Hispanic community.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.41 Carlotta Montoya, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Carlotta Montoya, who was born in 1942 talks about her Catholic upbringing and the church and neighborhood traditions and celebrations that shaped her life. Carlotta also recounts the history behind the family business- El Charro Cafe.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.42 Sylvia Bojorquez, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Sylvia Bojorquez, who was born on a small ranch in Salado, Arizona recounts her adventures as the youngest of twelve children. Sylvia talks about growing up in the Saint Johns community and her subsequent move to Flagstaff to pursue work. Sylvia also describes the remarkable community of South Beaver School students and their families from the perspective of her thirty-four year administrative career.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.43 Elizabeth Archuleta, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Elizabeth Archuleta talks about growing up in Flagstaff, Arizona. She recalls the cultural experiences she had as a child in the Hispanic community and the family, friends and teachers who influenced her as a student and political activist.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.44 Frank Garcia, 2006.,
In this oral history interview, Mr. Garcia discusses his grandparents' decision to come to the United States; his grandfather worked as a laborer for the sawmill industry in addition to running a store with his wife (Mr. Garcia's grandmother). Garcia's father worked as a lumber grader at the mills while his mother was a homemaker. Garcia then talks about his own childhood in Flagstaff, including topics of food, entertainment, religion, education, and language. Garcia ended up being an educator in Arizona, including South Beaver elementary as its principal.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.45 Ollie Hawkins, 2000.,
In this oral history interview, Ollie Hawkins who was born in 1917, describes the segregation and discrimination that she experienced in Flagstaff as an African-American child and adult. Ollie talks about her very strong mother who raised thirteen children as a single woman, mostly working for white families. Ollie also recounts her work history, at one point becoming a journeyman welder in the California shipyards during WWII and then retiring from the Postal Service after thirty-three years as a postal clerk and member of the Post Office Women Equal Rights group.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.46 Josie Garcia, 2007.,
In this oral history interview, Josie Garcia talks about the saw mill work that brought her parents from Mexico to Flagstaff. Josie also describes the Flagstaff Hispanic community in terms of the traditions, foods, celebrations and neighborhoods.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.47 Annie Watkins, 2007.,
In this oral history interview, Flagstaff resident and retired teacher, Annie Watkins, describes her childhood in Louisiana and daily life on the family farm. She also talks about being newly married and coming to Flagstaff to pursue an education degree. Annie recounts the various teaching positions that she held and the discrimination she experienced as an African-American in Flagstaff.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.48 Soledad Sanchez, 1999.,
In this oral history interview, Soledad Sanchez, who was born in 1911, describes the Flagstaff Hispanic community events and celebrations during the last century. Soledad also recalls how family and friends supported themselves, and she recounts vivid memories of the neighborhood that she grew up in.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.50 Reymundo Flores, 2001.,
In this oral history interview, Reymundo Flores who was born in New Mexico in 1923, talks about moving to Flagstaff in 1946 and working for the Navajo Army Depot for 32 years. Mr. Flores also describes life prior to moving to Flagstaff, when he dropped out of school after third grade to help support the family and as a CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) worker.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.51 Felipe Buron, 2007.,
In this oral history interview, Felipe Buron who was born in Spain in 1949, talks about moving to the United States to help support his parents by working as a sheepherder in Arizona as a sixteen year old. He recounts stories of living in sheep camps and the process of moving the sheep from region to region. Felipe also talks about the construction jobs he held over the years, which included working on Roosevelt Dam, the Cameron highway and Glen Canyon Dam.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.52 Isabel Alonzo, 2002.,
In this oral history interview with Isabel Alonzo, Isabel describes her family, neighborhood, school and the various jobs that she and family members held over the years. She also talks about the traditional foods that she was taught to make during holidays.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.53 Maria Ascension Nunez, 2007.,
In this two-part oral history interview with Maria Ascension Nunez, Maria describes her family, their employment, their immigration to the U.S., neighborhoods, daily activities, education, cooking, the holidays, religion, music, movies, the depression, prohibition, currenderas, and general life with her friends and family.
Click here for part 1 and here for part 2. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.54 Emma Rodriguez, 2007.,
In this oral history interview, Emma Rodriguez talks about her very vibrant and forward thinking father and her quiet but strong mother and the life lessons she learned from them. She talks about the family store where she worked as a child and the radio station from which her father broadcast the northland news and events in Spanish. She also recounts her experiences at South Beaver Elementary School and in higher education.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.55 Frank Rodriguez, 2007.,
In this oral history interview, Frank Rodriguez who was born in Williams, Arizona in 1937, talks about his early childhood and his educational and work experiences as a Spanish speaking child and young man. He also talks about the struggles he had in school which culminated in a master's degree from NAU and a teaching career in California.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.56 Luis Rodriguez, 2008.,
In this oral history interview, Flagstaff resident Luis Rodriguez who was born in 1932 in Spain, talks about his childhood, his limited education, and the start of his full time work as a sheep herder at the age of eleven. Luis recounts his relocation to Arizona and his life in the high country.
Click here to access the Spanish language audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.57 Victor Alonso, 2008.,
In this oral history interview, Victor Alonso talks about his childhood in Spain, coming to America in 1962 to seek work, his days sheepherding in Nevada and Arizona, and eventually moving to Flagstaff where he owned a stone masonry business.
Click here to access the Spanish language audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access the English translation of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.58 Lucy Abeyta Mayorga, 2012.,
In this oral history with Lucy Abeyta Mayorga, Lucy recalls stories about growing up in Flagstaff (southside), the sawmills, the schools she attended (NAU training school, Flagstaff High School), her parents (Frank Abeyta and Jenny Valdivia Abeyta) her siblings and husband, Emilio Mayorga. She also talks about her neighbors, the Catholic Church (Fathers Albouy, Lindenmeyer and Gomez), her children and her many years working in the family welding business.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.59 Mike Cromer, 2012.,
Oral history interview with Mike Cromer.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.60 Paul Lopez, 2013.,
In this oral history interview, Paul Lopez who was born in Flagstaff in 1929, talks about his father who worked for the Saginaw Manistee Lumber Company and his mother who had twelve children with five sons in the Army during World War II. Paul recounts his own experience as a soldier during the Korean War and the PTSD that wasn't diagnosed until he was in his seventies. He also talks about his neighborhood and neighbors, his wife and children, his career in the National Guard and some of history of the Catholic Church in Flagstaff as pertains to the Hispanic community.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 3 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.61 Theresa Arias, 2013.,
In this oral history interview, Theresa Arias, who was born in Flagstaff, Arizona in 1931, describes her neighborhood, church and school and the discrimination within the church and school system. Theresa who has worked for the Sheriff's Department since 1970, also talks about her focus of many years which is to give the female inmates a useful skill by teaching them to sew. Theresa also discusses the many inmate sewing projects which have benefited the Flagstaff community.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.62 Ruth Hernandez Morton, 2013.,
In this oral history interview, Ruth Hernandez Morton, who was born on July 4, 1934 in Flagstaff, talks about living in the Saginaw-Manistee lumber mill housing without running water, electricity or indoor plumbing. Mrs. Morton tells about her first job at the age of fourteen, working as a hotel maid, the home remedies that her mother used to treat illness, the sightings of la llorana, and the story behind her move to California where she met and married her husband and raised her family.
Click here to access part 1 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
Click here to access part 2 of the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.63 Ysidoro Gonzalo, 2002.,
In this oral history interview, Ysidoro Gonzalo, who was born in 1936 and moved to the US from Spain in 1954 tells his story through his work history. He recalls sheep herding for the Babbitts, milking cows for the Danzeisen family in Glendale, working construction on the Glen Canyon Dam, the Coronado Power Plant and the Palo Verde Nuclear Power Plant and laying the water line from the north rim of the Grand Canyon to the south rim.
Click here to access the audio and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.64 Margaret Trujillo, 2014.,
In this oral history interview, Margaret Trujillo who was born in 1927 in Flagstaff talks about her childhood and the neighborhood she was raised in. Margaret also mentions her first holy communion, traditional foods that her mother made, and the different jobs that she had after she quit school.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview. Transcription funding was provided through a grant from Arizona Humanities that was received in 2014.
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68.65 Rosie Garcia, 2015.,
In this oral history interview, Rosie Almendarez Garcia, who was born in Flagstaff in 1934, relates her experiences growing up in Flagstaff on Coconino Street. Rosie talks about the Depression Era hardships- no electricity, no running water and no indoor plumbing. She also recounts some of the religious and cultural events that were part of daily life.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
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68.66 Annie DeMiguel, 2015.,
Annie DeMiguel discusses her family and her parents' emigration from Spain to the United States. Raised in Superior AZ, DeMiguel attended Arizona State College where she met her husband Manuel DeMiguel. She graduated with majors in physical education and English and later taught 4th grade in Flagstaff. Her husband later became the first Hispanic principal in the school system.
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68.67 James June Wong, 2015.,
In this oral history interview, Delia Munoz interviews James June Wong about his family's history and his youth in Flagstaff. Subjects discussed include the Chinese immigrant experience in the early 20th century, and Wong's life as a boy and young man in Flagstaff in the 1940s and 1950s.
Click here to access the audio/video and transcript for this interview.
Los Recuerdos del Barrio en Flagstaff Photograph Collection, NAU.PH.97.33, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.1, Photographs of the Jesse Jimenez Alonzo Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.1.1: Photographer unknown, 1925, [2 year-old Jessie Jimenez Alonzo and 1 year-old sister Maura...], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 9.5x6,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.2: Photographer unknown, 1939, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo in front of the Coconino County Courthouse.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.3: Photographer unknown, 1940, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo in front of home in Plaza Vieja (Old Town)], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.4: Photographer unknown, July 4, 1940, [Maura Jimenez in front of her home in the Plaza Vieja (Old Town) on the 4th of July.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.5: Photographer unknown, 1941, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo in front of Coconino County Courthouse.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.6: Photographer unknown, 1942, [Left to Right- Jessie Jimenez Alonzo, Isabel Sandoval and Maura Jimenez- On the steps of Old Main at NAU. Employed by NAD and dressed in the NAD uniform.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.7: Photographer unknown, 1943, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo and Isabel Sandoval standing in front of the train depot, 4th of July, 1943], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.8: Photographer unknown, ca. 1940's, [Left to right, Margaret and Lupe Alonzo , sisters of Jessie Jimenez, posing together while attending a wedding in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.9: Photographer unknown, 1943, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo in front of her house in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.10: Photographer unknown, 1943, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo in uniform- working for Navajo Army Depot out of Bellemont.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.11: Photographer unknown, 1944, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo posing outside of her home in Plaza Vieja.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.12: Photographer unknown, ca.1940's, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo with bicycle, posing in Plaza Vieja near railroad tracks.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.13: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo posing with son Bobby on the campus of Northern Arizona University.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.14: Photographer unknown, ca.1950's, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo posing with son Bobby in front of the wood shed at their home in Plaza Vieja.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.15: Photographer unknown, ca.1953, [Jessie Jimenez Alonzo with son Bobby and daughter Becky at their home in Plaza Vieja.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.16: Alonzo, Jessie Jimenez, 1947, Rosa Lopez Chavez Jimenez (Mother of Jessie Jimenez Alonzo), Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.17: Photographer unknown, 1934, Photograph of the Jimenez Family. Top left to right, Jessie and Maura Jimenez; below left to right, Pete, Rosa, and Connie (4yrs old); and Eleanor on Rosa's lap with Manual Jimenez beside Eleanor., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.18: Photographer unknown, ca.1934, Rosa Lopez Chavez Jimenez in Plaza Vieja, Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.19: Alonzo, Jessie Jimenez, 1947, Ysabel Jimenez, Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.1.20: Photographer unknown, Unknown, Cruz Chavez and Regina Lopez Chavez. Photograph taken in Mexico., Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2, Photographs of the Lillian Davila Mayorga Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.2.1: Photographer unknown, ca.1920's, [Left to Right, unidentified friend and Benito Mayorga in Mexico.], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.2: Photographer unknown, 1920, [Left to right, Amparo,Benito and Maria Mayorga], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.3: Photographer unknown, 1920, [Efrin Davila- Maria Mayorga's brother in Mexico.], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.4: Photographer unknown, 1920, [Maria Davila Mayorga's nieces from Mexico- Left to Right- Enriqueta, Maria Cristina, Otilia, and Trini Davila.], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.5: Photographer unknown, 1920, [Family friends- Left to Right- Lupe and Chuy Garcia: children of Pauline and Pedro Garcia.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.6: Photographer unknown, 1925, [Family friends- Luisa R. de Arreola and husband (name unknown) on their wedding day at Canon Diablo near Winslow.], Canon Diablo (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.7: Photographer unknown, 1930, [Left to Right- Maria Mayorga, Paulina Garcia (family friend), Sally Martinez (Maria's god-daughter).], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.8: Photographer unknown, 1931, [Left to Right- Verna Chavez Ortiz and friend Annie (last name unknown) at the Grand Canyon.], Grand Canyon (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.9: Photographer unknown, 1940, [Left to Right- Sally Martinez and Lillian Mayorga Chavez after Lillian's 1st communion- posing in front of the Coconino County Courthouse.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.10: Photographer unknown, 1941, Grandpa Chavez, Lillian's grandfather by marriage., Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.11: Photographer unknown, ca.1940's, [The Monterrey Club holding their festival in the basement of Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.12: Photographer unknown, ca.1940's, [Mayorga family friend- Chuy Garcia, in WWII uniform.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.13: Photographer unknown, 1944, [Mayorga family friend- Antonio (last name unknown)- a foreman for the Santa Fe Railroad, with his family.], location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.14: Photographer unknown, ca.1940's, [Left to Right- Benito Mayorga and foreman Antonio (last name unknown)- both men employed by the Santa Fe Railroad.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.15: Photographer unknown, ca.1940's, [Left to right- Benito Mayorga and Antonio (last name unknown)- both men employed by the Santa Fe Railroad.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.16: Photographer unknown, ca.1950's, [Unidentified foreman for the Santa Fe Railroad or Southwest Forest Industries.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.17: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Sister and brother- Lillian Mayorga Chavez and Manuel Mayorga.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.18: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Benito Mayorga- father of Lillian Mayorga Chavez.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.19: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Victoriana Favela- Benito Mayorga's sister.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.20: Photographer unknown, ca.1950's, [Manuel Mayorga on pony, behind house in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.21: Photographer unknown, ca.1950's, [Demitrio Morales-father of Robert Morales, a Mayorga family friend.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.22: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Studio portrait of Lillian Mayorga Chavez.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.23: Carson Studio, 1950, [Carson Studio portrait of the women's auxiliary club of the Woodworkers of America organization.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-white Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.2.24: Photographer unknown, 1955, [Maria Davila Mayorga posing in front of her home at 220 S. Elden St. in Flagstaff.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3, Photographs of the Felicitas Vega Bobadilla Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.3.1: Photographer unknown, ca. 1916, Left to Right- Leonarda, Gregoria and Pascuala Vega, Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.2: Photographer unknown, ca. 1916, [Back Row- Left to Right- Leonarda and Manuela Vega ; Front Row- Left to Right- Gregoria and Pascuala Vega ], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.3: Photographer unknown, 1917, [Manuela Vega Bobadilla at 16 years of age], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.4: Photographer unknown, ca.1916, [Passport picture of - Left to Right- Gregoria, Manuela, Jose, and Sabin Vega.], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.5: Photographer unknown, 1917, [Gregoria Vega (sitting) and Manuela Vega (standing).], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.6: Photographer unknown, 1921, [Left to Right- (standing)- Manuela Vega Bobadilla and Sara Vega Lopez; (center sitting)- Mary Vega Bentanacour.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.7: Photographer unknown, 1917, [Photo of Manuela Vega Bobadilla taken at South Verde Street.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.8: Photographer unknown, 1917, [Photo of Manuela and Leonarda Vega taken at South Verde Street.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.9: Photographer unknown, 1930, [Front- Left to Right- Unidentified person and Cresencio Bobadilla; Back Row- Unidentified workers for the Santa Fe Railroad.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5x,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.10: Photographer unknown, 1930, [Bottom person unknown- and Cresencio Bobadilla on log working as a lumberjack for the Arizona Lumber and Timber Co.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.11: Photographer unknown, 1932, [Cresencio Bobadilla at 31 years of age.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.12: Photographer unknown, 1939, [Far left child unknown- (toddler) is Ernestina Bobadilla; Back Row- Manuela Vega Bobadilla, Gregoria Vega and Leonarda Macias; Front Row- children unknown.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.13: Photographer unknown, 1939, [Manuela Vega Bobadilla and children at Lake Mary.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.14: Photographer unknown, 1940, [Manuela and Cresencio Bobadilla in front of their delivery truck and neighborhood grocery store (El Desierto) located at 408 S. Verde St.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.15: Photographer unknown, 1944, [Manuela and Cresencio Bobadilla in front of their grocery store (El Desierto) located at 408 South Verde St.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.16: Photographer unknown, 1945, [Back Row- Left to Right- Manuela Bobadilla, Felicitas Bobadilla and Cecelia Ceballos; Front- Antero Bobadilla-(kneeling)- behind El Desierto Grocery Store at 408 South Verde] St., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.17: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Antero Bobadilla in El Desierto delivery truck and Ismael Bobadilla leaning against truck.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.18: Photographer unknown, 1950, [ El Desierto grocery store located at 408 South Verde Street.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.19: Photographer unknown, 1950, [Gregoria Vega in front of her home at 513 South Verde Street.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.20: Photographer unknown, 1960, [Top left to right- Antero Bobadilla, Nora Martinez, Felicitas, Manuela and Ismael Bobadilla.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.21: Photographer unknown, 1960, [Cresencio and Manuela Bobadilla inside their grocery store- El Desierto.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.22: Photographer unknown, 1961, [Cresencio and Manuela Bobadilla at the Grand Canyon.], Grand Canyon (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.3.23: Photographer unknown, 1963, [At 90 years of age- Gregoria Vega and grandson Antero Bobadilla in her home located at 513 South Verde Street.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.4, Photographs of the Margarita Martinez de Gomez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.4.1: Photographer unknown, , [Antonio Martinez], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.4.2: Photographer unknown, ca.1932, [Margarita Martinez de Gomez Family portrait...], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.5, Photographs of the Gregorio Martinez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.5.1: Photographer unknown, 1900, [Cruz and Mercy Martinez in Mexico.], Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.5.2: Photographer unknown, 1912, [Martinez Family- Top left to right- Cruz holding baby Gregorio, Vicente, Leonardo. Bottom left to right- Mercy, Marlene, Andy and Grace.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.5.3: Photographer unknown, 1947, [Gregorio (Curly) Martinez in front of downtown bank, delivering shoes to a customer.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.5.4: Photographer unknown, 1942, [Gregorio Martinez in Cottonwood, on his horse "Sunny Boy".], Cottonwood (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6, Photographs of the Frances O'Campo Ramirez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.6.1: Photographer unknown, ca.1918, [Aveniso O'Campo in WWI uniform, with his father Juan O'Campo at the Santa Fe Depot.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.10: Photographer unknown, , [Left to Right- Isabel Valdovino, Mary Navarro (Queen) and Esperanza Sanchez at the September 16 Celebration in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.2: Photographer unknown, , [Melequidez O'Campo], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.3: Photographer unknown, , [Aveniso O'Campo], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.4: Photographer unknown, , [Frances O'Campo Ramirez], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.6: Photographer unknown, , [Frances O'Campo Ramirez with pet Tuni in front of home in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.7: Photographer unknown, , [Frances O'Campo Ramirez and neighborhood friend Frances Ceballos (Lucero) back of home in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.8: Photographer unknown, , [Frances O'Campo Ramirez in her Mother's flower garden in Los Chantes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.6.9: Photographer unknown, , [Frances O'Campo Ramirez], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7, Photographs of the David Rodriguez Estrella Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.7.1: Photographer unknown, 1916, [Left to right- Cruz Estrella, Blasa Rodriguez and Maria Lopez Rodriguez.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.2: Photographer unknown, 1920, [Blasa Rodriguez- David Estrella's Grandmother.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.3: Photographer unknown, 1957, [David Estrella in baseball uniform- playing for Williams. Houses in background are Clark Homes.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.4: Photographer unknown, 1963, [Unloading logs at Southwest Forest Industries sawmill before acquiring the larger, high tech Le Tourneau machine.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.5: Photographer unknown, 1964, [Brothers Joe and Frank Magana who worked for Southwest Forest Industries sawmill for a combined time of over 100 years.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.6: Photographer unknown, 1964, [Machine named LE Tourneau (company out of Texas) that was used for loading and unloading logs at Southwest Forest Industries sawmill. Standing in front of LE Tourneau- Left to Right- Felix Gabaldon and David Estrella.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.7: Photographer unknown, 1967, [Southwest Forest Industries covered with heavy snowfall.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.8: Photographer unknown, 1967, [Southwest Forest Industries parking lot covered with snow.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.9: Photographer unknown, 1967, [Southwest Forest Industries locomotive covered with snow.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.10: Photographer unknown, 1971, [Reunion picture taken in Phoenix with- Left to Right- Paul Baca, Mike Villapando, Joe Villapando, David Estrella, and Lucio (Chief) Villapando.], Phoenix (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.11: Photographer unknown, 1967, Los Recuerdos; David Rodriguez Estrella Family, location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 11.5x9,
NAU.PH.97.33.7.12: Photographer unknown, 1971, Los Recuerdos; David Rodriguez Estrella Family, location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 9X11.5,
NAU.PH.97.33.8, Photographs of the Irene Vasquez Hernandez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.8.1: Photographer unknown, 1925, Wedding Photo of Jauna Martinez and Bruno Vasquez taken on Dec. 30, 1925. Top Row- Erlinda Juarez and Trinidad Juarez. Bottom Row- Juana Martinez Vasquez and Bruno Vasquez., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.8.2: Photographer unknown, , Bruno Vasquez, Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9, Photographs of the Carmen Nunez Vergara Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.9.1: Photographer unknown, 1920, Alejandro Vergara, Durango (Mex.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.2: Photographer unknown, 1920, Wedding photo of Alejandro Vergara and Pablita Nunez taken in Durango, Mexico., Durango (Mex.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.3: Photographer unknown, 1926, Left to Right- (unknown woman), Coya Vergara Martinez, and Pablita Nunez Vergara with 3 month old Carmen at the Mormon Lake logging camp., Mormon Lake (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.4: Photographer unknown, 1926, Carmen Vergara at age 3 months., Mormon Lake (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.5: Photographer unknown, 1926, (Baby) Carmen Vergara and Aunt Coya Vergara Martinez posing for photographer at Mormon Lake logging camp., Mormon Lake (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.6: Photographer unknown, 1927, (Baby) Irineo Vergara and Carmen Vergara, Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.7: Photographer unknown, ca. 1930's, Alejandro Vergara and Hilario Esparza working for Arizona Lumber and Timber Company as lumberjacks., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.8: Photographer unknown, ca. 1930's, [Hilario Exparza posing on top of a log.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.9: Photographer unknown, 1935, Left to Right- Luz, Irineo, Petra and Carmen Vergara, Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.10: Photographer unknown, 1938, Cousins Jose Vergara Martinez and Luz Vergara dressed for their 1st Communion photo behind their Aunt Maria's Flagstaff Cafe on South San Francisco Street., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.11: Photographer unknown, 1938, Luz Vergara in her 1st Communion dress and her Aunt Coya Martinez Vergara posing behind their Aunt Maria's Flagstaff Cafe on South San Francisco Street., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.12: Photographer unknown, 1941, Manuel Vergara and brother Alejandro Vergara at Dupont Street residence., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.13: Photographer unknown, 1941, Left to Right- Carmen Vergara, Uncle Manuel Vergara, Petra and Luz Vergara at Dupont Street residence., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.14: Photographer unknown, ca. 1940's, [Ida Vergara posing behind window at Dupont Street residence]., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.15: Photographer unknown, ca. 1940's, [Cousin Jose V. Martinez in Boy Scout uniform.], Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.16: Photographer unknown, ca. 1950's, Carmen Vergara (studio photograph), Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.17: Photographer unknown, ca. 1960's, Carmen Vergara (studio photograph), Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.18: Photographer unknown, ca. 1970's, Vergara residence at 208 East Dupont Street., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.19: Photographer unknown, 1970, Coya Vergara Martinez and her brother Alejandro Vergara posing at her O'Leary Street residence., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.9.20: Photographer unknown, , Ireneo, Luz, and Carmen Vergara., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, ,
NAU.PH.97.33.10, Photographs of the Geronimo Sanchez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.10.1: Photographer unknown, ca.1920, Hector Gonzales circa 1920., location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.10.2: Photographer unknown, ca.1927, Eugenia and Robert Sanchez, location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.10.3: Photographer unknown, ca.1920's, Sanchez Family photograph taken in the 1920's. Back- Geronimo; Left-Right, Eugenia, Remedio and Robert Sanchez., location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.11, Photographs of the Esther Gutierrez Mayorga Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.11.1: Photographer unknown, 1921, Gutierrez Family photograph taken in 1921. Standing- Catarino with baby Lupe (Flores). Below, left to right- Paula (Villarino), Soledad Baez Gutierrez and Margaret (Espinosa)., Mexico, Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.11.2: Photographer unknown, ca.1939, Gutierrez family photograph taken circa 1939., Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 4x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.12, Photographs of the Pete Luna Hernandez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.13, Photographs of the Selsa Alonzo Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.14, Photographs of the Alberto Almaraz Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.15, Photographs of the Carmen Almaraz Romero Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.16, Photographs of the Frank Martinez Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.16.1: Photographer unknown, ca. 1930, Paulita Martinez ca.1930, Flagstaff (Ariz.), Black-and-White Photograph, 7x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.16.2: Photographer unknown, ca. 1930, Frank Martinez ca.1930, location unknown, Black-and-White Photograph, 7x5,
NAU.PH.97.33.17, Photographs of the Frances Ceballos Lucero Family, 1997.
NAU.PH.97.33.18, Photographs of the Benjamin Aginiga Family, 1997.