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Land management survey, Navajo Indian Reservation reports, 1930-1938

AZ 124

Collection Summary

Creator: United States. Soil Conservation Service,
McColm, George L.
Collection Name:Land management survey, Navajo Indian Reservation reports,
Inclusive Dates: 1930-1938
Physical Description:2.0 linear feet
Abstract:This collection consists of manuscripts and preliminary reports relating to soil conservation, range conditions, crop production, timber and water resources on the Navajo Reservation during the 1930's.
Collection Number:AZ 124
Repository: University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
University of Arizona
PO Box 210055
Tucson, AZ 85721-0055
Phone: 520-621-6423
Fax: 520-621-9733

Historical Note

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of 54 bound folders containing manuscripts and preliminary reports relating to the agronomy, soil and water conservation problems existing on the Navajo Reservation during the 1930's. The basis of this material is surveys made by the Soil Conservation Service. The material is arranged according to units based on geographical divisions within the reservation.


This collection is organized into 2 Series. Series 1 includes 18 subseries of reports and maps based on geographical units within the reservation. Series 2 consists of miscellaneous reports and maps.
Series 1: Navajo Reservation Units 1-18, ca.1930-1938
Series 2: Miscellaneous reports and maps, 1935-1941





It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for the University of Arizona, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.

Access Terms

Geographic Name(s)
Navajo Indian Reservation

Range Management--Navajo Indian Reservation
Rangelands--Navajo Indian Reservation
Soil Conservation--Arizona
Soil Surveys--Navajo Indian Reservation
United States. Soil Conservation Service

Genre Form(s)

Administrative Information

Credit Line

Land management survey, Navajo Indian Reservation reports (AZ 124). Special Collections, University of Arizona Libraries.

Container List

Series 1: Navajo Reservation geographical Units 1-18, ca.1930-1938
Subseries 1, Unit One , ca.1930-1938
Located in the northwestern area of the Navajo Indian Reservation, in Coconino County, Arizona, roughly between 36°45' north latitude and 110°45' and 111°30' west longitude.
11 Engineering Report, ca. 1930
Prepared by C.L. Moyes, Engineering Aide. Data on physical features, climate, vegetation, wildlife, agriculture, and mineral resources. Supplemented with sketch map of Cow Springs Irrigation Project. 41 pp., plus tables.
12 Agronomy Branch Report, 1937
Detailed report of conditions relating to agricultural land, crop production, suggestions for improvement of rangeland. 40 pp., plus tables.
13 Range Management Branch Report, May, 1937
Prepared by D.G. Anderson. Contains general description of land, past and present use of range, and range management objectives, as well as plans and recommendations for improvement of range. 87 pp., 2 tables.
14 Land Planning Report, January, 1938
Prepared by D.G. Anderson. Compilation of basic data from all field surveys by the various branches. Includes sections on effect of environment on human activity, land utilization, establishment of proper land use, and outlines a construction program to improve and conserve natural resources of Unit One. 102 pp., 3 tables, 2 sketches.
Subseries 2, Unit Two, 1938
Northwestern portion of Navajo Reservation, between 36°15' and 37°15' north latitude and between 110°30' and 111°15' west longitude.
15 Engineering Report, January, 1938
Prepared by C.L. Moyes, Engineering Aide. Data on landforms, climate, vegetation, wildlife and agriculture and mineral resources. Supplement with "Report Sketch" (map) of Paiute Canyon Farms. 109 pp.
Subseries 3, Unit Three, ca. 1937-1938
Extreme western section of Navajo Reservation, confines are approximately the 35°30' parallel on south, 36°45' parallel on north, the 111°45' meridian on west, and 111° meridian on the east.
16 Agronomy Branch Report, no date
Relates to condition of Agricultural land, crop production, and suggestion for land improvement. Detailed information pertaining to Hopi and Paiute farming within area, as well as tabulation of population,. 33 pp., plus tables.
17 Range Management Branch Report, March 15, 1937
Prepared by D.G. Anderson. General description of land, past and present use of range and range management objectives, as well as plans and recommendations for improvement of range adjacent to Tuba City. Contains also a description of "Present Livestock Movement," which was obtained by questioning the Indians and consulting Social and Economic Division records.
18 Land Planning Report, January, 1938
Prepared by D.G. Anderson. Compilation of data from all field surveys conducted by soil conservationists. Includes detailed information on geography, climate, agricultural practices, potentials, as well as methods involved in "Establishment of Proper Land Use." 107 pp.
Subseries 4, Unit Four, ca. 1936-1937
Land Management Unit 4 occupies parts of Navajo, Apache and Coconino counties in Arizona and lies in a southwestern direction between the 35°45' and 36°40' parallels of latitude, and the 109°45' and 111°0' meridians of longitude.
29 Agronomy Branch Report, no date
Summary of agricultural locations and practice. Includes an itemized list of recommended projects which would, if carried out, help conserve and improve valuable farm land and methods.
210 Range Management Branch Report, December, 1936
Prepared by W.R. McKinny, Jr., Range Examiner. A compilation of surveys dealing with land utilization and improvement for Unit Four, lying wholly within the drainage area of the Little Colorado River, and occupying much of the Black Mesa Area. Includes 7 accompanying maps. (Duplicate copy)
211 Stock Water in Land Management District Four, no date
Prepared as an explanation of water map (missing). Locates all water reserves of area capable of sustaining livestock.
212 Sub-Watershed Plan, no date
For Land Management Unit Four. Includes description of unit, degree and cause of erosion and vegetative depletion, land use and status, land management activities, objectives of a program for the unit in order of priority.
213 Supplement of Sub-Watershed Plan, no date
Prepared by E.A. Nicholson.
214 Work Report, Soil and Erosion Survey, no date
Classification and distribution study of various soil found throughout Unit Four. Supplemented by three maps. (2 copies)
215 Work Report, Conservation Survey, 1936, 1938
Wepo Valley Water Spreading Area and Cisco Alec Farms, Pinon. 88 pp., 2 maps.
216 Construction Program, 1937
Description and recommendations for improvement of watering facilities of Unit Four.
217 Tabulation of Population, District Four, no date
Arranged according to community area, consumption groups and number of people. Gives individual names.
218 Tabulation of Prairie Dog Infestation, no date
Subseries 5, Unit Five, ca. 1937
Located in extreme southwestern corner of Navajo reservation, Unit Five is drained by the Dinnehbitoh, Oraibi, Polacca, Jeddito, and Corn washes; and includes Talani Lakes. It likes between the 110°30' and 111°30' meridians of longitude and 35°00' and 36°00' parallels of latitude.
319 Engineering Report, April, 1937
Prepared by Allen Stammo. General description of unit, topography, geology, vegetation and erosion control and water spreading projects. 6 maps and sketches.
320 Agronomy Branch Report, February-March,1937
Prepared by E.A. Nicholson. General description of land; summary of soils and erosion factors; and agriculture needs and practices. 58 pp., 1 map.
321 Planting Possibilities Report, April, 1937
Prepared by D.W. Dresbach. Deals with types and methods of planting to aid in soil conservation. 19 pp., V, 1 map
322 Plan of Conservation Operations, no date
A listing, in order of importance, of conservation projects and a tabulation of costs involved. 25 pp., 36 maps.
323 Report of Extensive Biology Survey, February-March, 1937
Prepared by W.W. Morris. Survey of biological factors (rodents, predators, insects, and plant diseases) causing damage to range and agricultural land. Also includes recommended projects to alleviate conditions, and a plan for refuge for migratory waterfowl. 38 pp., appendix, 6 maps and diagrams.
324 Forestry Report, April, 1937
Prepared by D.W. Dresbach. Survey of existing stands of trees and their conditions, as well as an outline of forest improvement. 31 pages, appendix.
Subseries 6, Unit Six, 1937
Exact geographical area of Soil Conservation Unit Six is not delineated
325 Planting Possibilities Report, July, 1937
Prepared by Gale Monson. An outline of types of plants best suited to soil conservation, and suggestions as to what areas should be planted. 16 pp.
Subseries 7, Unit Seven, 1937
Land Management Unit Seven is located in the south-central part of the Navajo Reservation and comprises some 924,082 acres.
326 Engineering Report, September, 1937
Prepared by Allen Stamm. Besides offering a general description of the unit, this report delves deeply into climatological data, erosion control and "water spreading" projects; and carefully outlines a proposed work plan. 18 pp.
327 Agronomy Branch Report, July, 1937
Prepared by A.E. Nicholson. A detailed report on agricultural practices in area claimed both by Navajos and Hopi. Agricultural conditions as well a thorough improvement plan are outlined. 34 pp., plus charts and map.
Subseries 8, Unit Eight, ca. 1936
Comprises some 1,424,083 acres, and includes the Kayenta-Monument Valley region, as well as Chilchinbito area.
328 Engineering Report, September, 1936
Prepared by C.J. McCash. The survey includes surveys conducted at Kayenta, Devehotso, Oljetoh, and Segihotsosi Farms areas. Detailed data on precipitation, runoff factors, drainage ways and erosion control projects.
329 Range Management Report, Monument Valley, August, 1936
Prepared by D.C. Anderson. Outlines range conditions, distribution and type of livestock; and suggests methods of range improvement. 38 pp., 5 maps, 4 tables.
330 Range Management Plan, Kayenta Demonstration Area, November, 1936
Prepared by W.V. Turner. Delves into condition and values of land, range management objectives and general policies regarding restocking of area. 16pp., 3 charts, 2 maps.
331 Report of Sociological Survey, Monument Valley area, no date
A survey of population as related to land utilization and agriculture. Means of livelihood and percentage of income gained through livestock raising and farming is tabulated. 17 pp.
332 Forestry Report, Mounument Valley, 1936
Prepared by G.A. Herion. Detailed survey of "bearing woodland and timber stands." Available usage of pinon, juniper, oak and various pine is recounted, as are methods for improving and conserving timber. 18 pp., 1 table.
333 Report on Planting Possibilities, 1936
A study in range vegetation and planting to control runoff and improve agricultural yields. 9 pp., 2 sketches, 1 map
334 Extensive Faunal Survey, no date
A tabulation of the kinds and numbers of rodents, predators, and fur-bearing animals found throughout the unit. Includes suggestions for controlling those which damage rangeland, as well as conserving the more valuable species.
Subseries 9, Unit Nine, (Missing)
Subseries 10, Unit Ten, 1936-1937
Land Management unit 10 is located approximately in the center of the reservation; and lies between 109°15' and 110°00' longitude and 35°45' and 36°30' latitudes. The area includes Canyon de Chelly.
435 Agronomy Report, 1936
Prepared by A.G. Webber, 1936. A general description of geography, physiography of unit, with a detailed study of land improvements designed to check erosion and improve agricultural and range land. 28 pp.
436 Study Group Report, Engineering Division, January, 1937
Includes sections on geography, physiography, present condition of agriculture, recommended agriculture developments, water-spreading and erosion. 14 pp., 3 charts.
437 Suggested Construction Program for Land Management, April, 1937
Prepared by Paul Phillips. A suggested construction program based on reports of the Land Management Survey and information from other sources. 16 pp., 3 folding charts.
438 Approved Construction Work, May, 1937
Prepared by Paul Phillips. An approved construction program, based upon priority and availability of funds.
Subseries 11, Unit Eleven, August, 1936
438a Forestry Report, August 6th, 1936
Submitted by Dearl B. Beach. 23 pp., illus.
Subseries 12, Unit Twelve, (Missing)
Subseries 13, Unit Thirteen, (Missing)
Subseries 14, Unit Fourteen, 1936
This area lies on the southeastern section of the reservation, near the Mesa de los Lobs and extends to the eastern break of the Chuska Mountains.
439 Biological Report, June, 1936
Prepared by Paul Phillips. Detailed analysis of fauna found throughout this unit. Crop-pests, forest, and range plants were studied in cooperation with agronomy, forestry, and range management.
Subseries 15, Unit Fifteen, (Missing)
Subseries 16, Unit Sixteen, (Missing)
Subseries 17, Unit Seventeen, ca. 1937
Located in the south-central portion of the Navajo reservation Unit Seventeen lies between 35°36' of latitude and between 109°15' and 110° of longitude.
440 Engineering Report, no date
Prepared by W.H. Berry. Includes general description of unit, analysis of erosion, agriculture, waterspreading, and outlines various types of corrective engineering projects.
441 Range Management Report, November, 1937
Prepared by W.R. McKinney. General description of existing range condition, as well as an outline for corrective measures. 35 pp.
Subseries 18, Unit Eighteen, 1936-1938
Embraces the area within 35°15' and 36°15' latitude and 109°15' and 108°30' longitude- or roughly astride the Arizona-New Mexico border.
442 Engineering Report, September-November, 1936
Prepared by C.J. McCash,. Report on geographical and geological conditions of the unit. It details present and projected agricultural methods, as well as outlining recommendations for construction and maintenances of soil conservation projects. 79 pp., 2 maps, 4 charts.
443 Range Management Reports, March, 1938
Submitted by D.D. Anderson. This report deals mainly with livestock water. Listed are all existing wells, springs, and water holes, including areas for improvement. 2 reports, approximately 80 pp. combined, 4 tables.
444 Forestry Report, December, 1936
Prepared by G.A. Herion, 23 pp.
445 Sub-Watershed Plan, May, 1938
Prepared by J.H. Provinse. Outlines proposed control measures to check erosion and conserve water potential. 51 pp., appendix, 1 map.
Series 2: Miscellaneous Reports and Maps, ca. 1935-1941
446 A Report on the Rio Grande Watershed with special reference to soil conservation problems, November, 1936
Prepared by Rio Grande District staff. 48 pp.
447 Sub-Watershed Plan for Hopi Land Management District, 1936
Prepared by Soil Conservation Service and Bureau of Indian Affairs. 34 pp., 3 charts.
448 Conservation Survey of Wepo Valley, 1936-1938
Waterspreading area and Cisco Alec Farms, Pinon, Arizona. Work Report. Prepared by H.F. Johnson. 7 pp.
449 Range Management Plan, Steamboat Demonstration Area, 1936
Prepared by W.V. Turner,. 22 pp., charts, 1 map.
450 Map, Land Management Unit Four, no date
"Hopi Wood Use."
451 Fort Defiance- Bonita Creek Flood Control Plan, November, 1941
Prepared by Division of Planning,. 13 pp., 1 map, 15 photos.
452 Range Management Plan, Mexican Springs Demonstration Area, April, 1938
Prepared by T.L. Heggie. 23 pp., 1 map.
453 Range Management Plan, Marino Lake Demonstration Area, May, 1938
By L.L Young. 14 pp., 1 map.
454 Range Management Plan, Ganado Demonstration Area, August, 1935
By R.V. Boyle. 10 pp., 2 charts, 1 map.