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Carlos Montezuma papers, 1890-1922

AZ 287


Collection Summary

Creator: Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923
Collection Name:Carlos Montezuma papers,
Inclusive Dates: 1890-1922
Physical Description:1.25 linear feet
Abstract:This collection includes correspondence; manuscripts of lectures, articles, and reminiscences relating to his career and relationships with the federal government, reservations, and the Carlisle Indian School; and miscellaneous medical materials. Correspondents include officials of the Society of American Indians, American Indian Association, Progressive Indian Association, Richard H. Pratt, founder of Carlisle Indian School, as well as various relatives, friends, Native Americans, patients, and government officials.
Collection Number: AZ 287
Repository: University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
University of Arizona
PO Box 210055
Tucson, AZ 85721-0055
Phone: 520-621-6423
Fax: 520-621-9733
URL:http://speccoll.library.arizona.edu/

Biographical Note

Carlos Montezuma, whose Indian name was Wassaja, was a Yavapai Indian from central Arizona. He was captured by Pima Indians and sold to a photographer. He was educated in Arizona and New York City. He graduated from the University of Illinois in 1884 and attended Chicago Medical College. Carlos Montezuma served as a reservation physician working for the Indian Services (BIA). While working on reservations he encouraged Native American children to go to school. He eventually became a Yavapai advocate for Native Americans and helped organize the Society of American Indians, a national lobbying group; and published Wassaja, a monthly indictment of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.


Scope and Content Note

This collection includes correspondence; manuscripts of lectures, articles, and reminiscences relating to his career and relationships with the federal government, reservations, and the Carlisle Indian School; and miscellaneous medical materials. Correspondents include officials of the Society of American Indians, American Indian Association, Progressive Indian Association, Richard H. Pratt, founder of Carlisle Indian School, as well as various relatives, friends, Native Americans, patients, and government officials.


Organization

This collection is organized into three series:
Series I: Correspondence, 1899-1922
Series II: Lectures, Speeches and Articles, ca. 1907-1919
Series III: Miscellaneous Materials, ca. 1890-1913

Restrictions

Restrictions

None.

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for the University of Arizona, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.


Related Material

Related materials pertaining to Carlos Montezuma may be found in the following collections and repositories: Carlos Montezuma Papers, the Newberry Library, Chicago; Carlos Montezuma Collection, MSS-60. Arizona State University Libraries: Arizona Collection; and Carlos Montezuma papers on microfilm: inventory of collection at SW Studies Center, Fort Lewis College. University of Arizona Main Libraries also has a copy of The papers of Carlos Montezuma, M.D. [microform] : including the papers of Maria Keller Montezuma Moore and the papers of Joseph W. Latimer,(Micro- film 6709).


Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Montezuma, Carlos, 1866-1923 -- Archives
Pratt, Richard Henry, 1840-1924

Corporate Name(s)
Society of American Indians -- Correspondence
American Indian Association -- Correspondence
Progressive Indian Association -- Correspondence
United States Indian School (Carlisle, Pa.)
United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs

Subject(s)
Indians, Treatment of -- United States
Indians of North America -- Government relations -- 1869-1934 -- Sources
Yavapai Indians -- Sources

Genre Form(s)
Correspondence
Manuscripts
Speeches


Administrative Information

Credit Line

Carlos Montezuma papers(AZ 287). Special Collections, University of Arizona Libraries.


Container List

Series I: Correspondence, 1899-1922
boxfolder
11-4 Correspondence: General Richard H. Pratt. , 1907-1922
15 Correspondence: General Richard H. Pratt (speeches and articles).
16 Correspondence: Montezuma to General Richard H. Pratt (drafts of letters).
17 Correspondence: Montezuma to various (drafts of letters).
18-10 Correspondence: General. , 1899-1916
Includes a letter from Alonso Stagg, University of Chicago, December 18, 1909.
boxfolder
21 Correspondence: F. A. McKenzie & Arthur C. Parker, Society of American Indians. , 1904-1912
22 Correspondence: Charles E. Dagenett, American Indian Association. , 1911
23 Correspondence: August A. Breuninger, Progressive Indian Association. , 1909-1913
24 Correspondence: Cousins Richard Dickens, Charles Dickens, Mike Burns. , 1904-1912
Series II: Lectures, Speeches and Articles, ca. 1907-1919
Manuscripts: Lectures and Speeches
boxfolder
25 "The Primitive Indian." , May, 1912
25 Speech about Arizona.
25 "Idealists on Indian Affairs."
25 "Let My People Go." , 1915
25 "Let There Be Light."
25 "Mis-applied Philanthropy."
25 "The Reservation System."
25 "Speech-For University."
25 "Visit at Adamsville."
25 "Missionaries Among the Indians." (Chicago). , May 1913
25 "Columbus Conference Paper."
25 "The Indian Problem."
Manuscripts: Carlisle Indian School and General Richard H. Pratt
boxfolder
26 "Reasons for Opposing Administration."
26 "Standing up for General Pratt's Dismissal, etc."
26 "Kill the Indian and Save the Man."
26 Criticism of Indian Arrow." (School Weekly).
26 "Criticism on Sub Committee on Indian Affairs' Report to Stop Appropriation for Carlisle School."
26 "Averse to Converting Carlisle School into Indian Military School."
26 "Article on Carlisle School, Opposing its Removal."
26 "Mal-administration of the Carlisle School." Inter Ocean. , April 20, ??
26 "Carlisle's Indian Football Eleven." Philadelphia Public Ledger, p. 8. , December 6, 1907
Manuscripts: Articles
boxfolder
27 "Abolish the Indian Bureau."
27 "Blockades to Indian Civilization."
27 "The Development of the American Indian."
27 "Electing a President."
27 "Everybody Comes Into the World Blank."
27 "Flash Lights on the Indian Question."
27 "Get Right With the Indians - Bureau System."
27 "Get the Indians Out."
27 "Indian Faddists."
28 "Indian Ideals." (Questioned if by Carlos Montezuma).
28 "The Indian of Tomorrow."
28 "Missionary - not all."
28 "Indian Schools."
28 "Indian Superstition."
28 "Indian System Error." (2 versions).
29 "Indians and Indians." Published in Wassaja, vol. 1, no. 6. , September 1916
29 "The Indian's Art of Healing by Songs and Herbs."
29 "Man's Inhumanity to Man."
29 "Mistaken Policy."
29 "National Character." Tribune. , May 1, 1909
29 "Plea for Arizona Indians."
29 "Plea for the Indian - Starting with Self."
29 "Plea on Behalf of the Pimas to Commissioner Sells."
29 "Plea - with History of Self."
29 "Review of Dr. Lydston's Book."
210 "Reminiscences of Self and Indian Character."
210 "Reservation Politics."
210 "Spiritualism of the Indians."
210 "Synopsis of Self." Review of Reviews.
210 Fragments, unidentified.
Series III: Miscellaneous Materials, ca. 1890-1913
boxfolder
211 Reminiscences.
boxfolder
31 Miscellaneous personal material.
32 Miscellaneous Indian material.
33 Miscellaneous notes for and to the Secretary of the Interior.
34 Fragments, mostly personal notes on self and Indians.
35 Miscellaneous medical material, including correspondence.
36 Medical reprints, speeches, etc.