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Petition, 1734, to the Marqués de Castelfuerte, Viceroy of Peru, on behalf of the tributary Yanaconas Indians 1734-1754

MS 084


Collection Summary

Creator: Mizque (Bolivia : Province). Cabildo. Procurador General.
Collection Name: Petition, 1734, to the Marqués de Castelfuerte, Viceroy of Peru, on behalf of the tributary Yanaconas Indians
Inclusive Dates: 1734-1754
Physical Description:.1 linear feet
Abstract:The Yanaconas were a hereditary class of Indian servants in South America. Official handwritten copy, dated the 6th of January, 1754, of a petition by the procurador general of the town council of Mizque to the Viceroy of Peru, on behalf of the Yanaconas Indians. It protests the practice of the corregidor, the chief magistrate of the province, of charging an annual tax of seven pesos per head rather than the three pesos and one real stipulated by the Viceroy.
Collection Number:MS 084
Language: Materials are in Spanish.
Repository: University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
University of Arizona
PO Box 210055
Tucson, AZ 85721-0055
Phone: 520-621-6423
Fax: 520-621-9733
URL: http://speccoll.library.arizona.edu/
E-Mail: LBRY-askspcoll@email.arizona.edu

Historical Note

The Yanaconas were a hereditary class of Indian servants in South America. Early in the history of Spanish conquest, the King granted to his favorites an "encomienda," or rights to use a piece of land, recruit Indian labor, and collect taxes, as long as the encomendero resided on the land. Over time the rights were limited by the government, including the amount of tax, and the fact that the Yanaconas could not be taken and sold as slaves, but must remain as part of the specific piece of land.

Mizque, spelled Misque in the document, is now located in Bolivia; in 1734, however, it was part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included much of South America. It was divided into subordinate areas, presidencies, each with its own governor, and administrative and judicial tribunal, or audiencia. The Viceroy was the Governor of the central presidency, and also the presidency of Charcos in which Mizque was located.


Scope and Content Note

Official handwritten copy, dated the 6th of January, 1754, of a petition by the procurador general of the town council of Mizque to the Viceroy of Peru, on behalf of the Yanaconas Indians. It protests the practice of the corregidor, the chief magistrate of the province, of charging an annual tax of seven pesos per head rather than the three pesos and one real stipulated by the Viceroy. A memorial by the Jesuit Pedro Foronda, member of the Spanish Parliament, expresses views on the subject. The Viceroy's decision in favor of the Indians is given. All written in one clear hand, then signed by General Iñigo Abendano, Chief Magistrate and Chief Justice of Potosí, with a countersignature by Manuel Santos de Therrazas.


Arrangement

This collection is organized by topical sections.

Restrictions

Restrictions

There are no restrictions on this collection.

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for the University of Arizona, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.


Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Abendano, Iñigo.
Castelfuerte, José de Armendáriz, marqués de, 1670?-1740?
Foronda, Pedro.

Corporate Name(s)
Jesuits -- Bolivia -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.

Geographic Name(s)
Bolivia -- History -- To 1809 -- Sources.

Subject(s)
Indians of South America -- Andes Region -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.
Taxation -- Bolivia -- History -- 18th century -- Sources.
Yanaconas -- Sources.


Administrative Information

Credit Line

Petition, 1734, to the Marqués de Castelfuerte, Viceroy of Peru, on behalf of the tributary Yanaconas Indians (MS 084). Special Collections, University of Arizona Libraries.

Acquisition Information

Acquired as purchase, 1967.

Processing History

Processed by Staff.