Bookmark this page or copy and paste URL to Email message

de la Torre family papers, 1874-1994 (bulk: 1910-1940)

MS 420


Collection Summary

Creator: de la Torre family
Collection Name:de la Torre family papers,
Inclusive Dates: 1874-1994
Physical Description: 11.50 linear feet
Abstract:Papers, 1874-1994 (bulk: 1910-1940). This collection contains material documenting the de la Torre family and their involvement in the Cristero Movement. The family traveled from central Mexico to Nogales, Sonora bringing the Movement to northern Mexico. Items include biographical materials; correspondence; printed materials, including pamphlets, newsletters, newsclippings, and statements; and photographs and negatives. The bulk of the material is printed materials and photographs. This collection also contains over 280 books that can be found in the University of Arizona Library catalog under the title Cristero Movement Collection. The majority of the material is in Spanish.
Collection Number:MS 420
Languages Represented Materials in Spanish and English
Repository: University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
University of Arizona
PO Box 210055
Tucson, AZ 85721-0055
Phone: 520-621-6423
Fax: 520-621-9733
URL: http://speccoll.library.arizona.edu/

Biographical Note

The Cristero Movement (1926-1929) was a revolt by Catholics against the Mexican government that occurred in response to anti-Catholic legislation. This legislation began with the 1917 Constitution of Mexico but it was not until the presidency of Plutarco Calles (1924-1928) that these laws were enforced. President Calles added his own strict legislation severely restricting the clergy and Church in Mexico. The Cristero Movement originated in southern Mexico and moved north. The Movement lasted a decade and claimed over 100,000 lives. The Cristeros eventually achieved religious freedom in practice. Anti-clerical provisions remain a part of the Constitution but are unenforced. The de la Torre family, who had close ties to the Catholic Church and clergy, was instrumental in bringing the Cristero Movement to northern Mexico. The family, originally from Zacatecas and Guanajuato, moved to Aguascalientes and then in 1922 to San Luis Potosí. The family moved again to Tampico for economic reasons and finally to Nogales, both Sonora and Arizona, to escape persecution from authorities because of their involvement in the Church and Movement.

Ignacio de la Torre Berumen (b. 1878) and María de la Torre Uribarren (Velasco) (b. 1878) were the parents of eight children, many of whom were important figures within the Movement, both as priests and secular members. María (b. 1901) was a central support figure for the family and served as a point of communication and information. María's boyfriend, Fidel Muro, who was also involved in the Movement, was captured and executed in 1928. Ignacio (b. 1901) was a priest who became the vicar general of the Archdiocese of Hermosillo. He was active in education and founded several religious organizations. He was murdered in 1979 in Imuris, Sonora under mysterious circumstances. Both Francisco (b. 1905) and Carlos (b. 1914) became respected Jesuit priests. These three brothers were instrumental in reopening churches the government closed in Nogales. Alfonso (b. 1908), a Cristero soldier, was killed during fighting near Agua Caliente near the town of Suaqui de Batuc in 1935. Luis (b. 1910) was also involved in the Cristero Movement and later married. Neither Edmundo (b.1912) nor Benjamín (b.1918) were heavily involved in the Movement but focused instead on family and business.

The de la Torre family was acquainted with prominent figures of the Cristero Movement such as the priest Juan Navarrete. Several members of the family belonged to the Cristero organizations Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana (ACJM) and the Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad (LNDL). Both María and Ignacio sometimes used pseudonyms in their correspondence and publications. María used the pseudonym Margarita Sofia and Ignacio used the pseudonyms Jose, Ysidro, Ismael Gomez, and Ismael Tizcareño.


Scope and Content Note

Papers, 1874-1994 (bulk: 1910-1940). This collection contains the papers of the de la Torre family documenting their involvement in the Cristero Movement and their move from Central Mexico to Sonora including Nogales. The bulk of the collection consists of printed materials and photographs. The printed materials highlight the progress of the Movement and include religious and political pamphlets, newsletters, newsclippings, and statements. The majority of photographs relate to the de la Torre family and friends. Some materials relate to Cristero political organizations such as Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana (ACJM) and the Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad (LNDL) including a financial ledger and administrative documents. Other unique materials include a combat log, personal accounts, and political cartoons. Also included are the personal papers and correspondence of the de la Torre family. The majority of the material is in Spanish. This collection also contains over 280 books that can be found in the University of Arizona Library catalog under the title Cristero Movement Collection.


Organization

This collection is organized into 6 series:
Series 1: Biographical Files, 1874-1984
Series 2: Correspondence, 1890-1994
Series 3: Subject Files, 1928-1944
Series 4: Printed Materials, 1885-1990
Series 5: Photographs and Negatives, 1874-1970
Series 6: Oversize Materials, 1906-1979

Restrictions

Restrictions

There are no restrictions on this collection.

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for the University of Arizona, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.


Related Material

Juan Navarrete y Guerrero Collection, (1912-2000), MS 423


Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Navarrete y Guerrero, Juan, 1886-1982.

Family Name(s)
de la Torre Family - Archives.

Corporate Name(s)
Asociación Católica de la Juventud Mexicana.
Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad Religiosa (Mexico).

Geographic Name(s)
Mexico, North--Politics and government--20th century.
Sonora (Mexico : State).

Subject(s)
Church and state -- Mexico -- History -- 20th century.
Cristero Rebellion, 1926-1929 -- Religous aspects.
Cristero Rebellion, 1926-1929.


Administrative Information

Credit Line

de la Torre family papers (MS 420). Special Collections, University of Arizona Libraries.


Container List

Biographical Files. , 1874-1984
Arrangement: Alphabetical. This series contains biographical materials relating to the members of the de la Torre family such as yearbooks, birth, communion, marriage and death announcements, a family tree, immigration documents, family histories, personal accounts, and certificates. Also included are materials on other religious leaders. Most biographical materials are in Spanish. Note: Some materials are located in Series VI: Oversize Materials.
boxfolder
11Certificates. , nd, 1877-1962
12de la Torre, Alfonso - Death. , 1935-1945
13de la Torre, Benjamín. , nd, 1926-1942
14de la Torre, Carlos. , nd, 1914-1973
15de la Torre, Carlos - Yearbooks. , 1944
16de la Torre, Carlos - Yearbooks. , 1946
17de la Torre, Edmundo. , 1912-1965
18de la Torre, Francisco. , nd, 1918-1939
19de la Torre, Ignacio. , nd, 1909-1972
110de la Torre, Ignacio - Yearbook. , 1945
111de la Torre, Luis. , nd, 1910-1952
112de la Torre Berumen, Ignacio - Death. , 1948
113de la Torre Family History - Estampas Cristeras. , nd
114de la Torre Family History - Family Tree. , nd
115Duval, Louis. , nd
116Funeral Announcements. , nd, 1885-1984
117General. , nd, 1874-1970
118Immigration Documents. , 1927-1942
119Muro, Fidel. , 1928-1953
120Navarrete, Juan. , nd, 1920-1968
121Uribarren de la Torre, María. , nd, 1887-1927
Correspondence. , 1890-1994
Arrangement: Alphabetical. This series contains correspondence mostly between de la Torre family members but also among the Archbishop of Hermosillo Juan Navarrete and other figures of the Cristero movement. Most correspondence is in Spanish. Some correspondence is in English and Latin.
boxfolder
1 22 de la Torre, Alfonso. , nd, 1921-1928
1 23 de la Torre, Alfonso. , 1932-1935
1 24 de la Torre, Alfonso - Death. , 1935-1948
1 25 de la Torre, Benjamín. , nd, 1931-1944
1 26 de la Torre, Benjamín. , 1945-1949
1 27 de la Torre, Carlos. , nd, 1926-1938
1 28 de la Torre, Benjamin. , 1939-1960
1 29 de la Torre, Edmundo. , nd, 1917-1964
boxfolder
2 1 de la Torre, Francisco. , nd, 1920-1929
2 2 de la Torre, Francisco. , 1930-1939
2 3 de la Torre, Francisco. , 1940-1989
2 4 de la Torre, Ignacio. , nd, 1919-1934
2 5 de la Torre, Ignacio. , 1935-1955
2 6 de la Torre, Luis. , 1921-1959
2 7 de la Torre, María. , 1909-1965
2 8 de la Torre, María - Biographical Sketch of Fidel Muro. , 1942-1943
2 9 de la Torre Berumen, Ignacio. , 1900-1946
2 10 Duval, Louis. , nd, 1930-1945
2 11 General. , nd, 1917-1994
2 12 López, Eulalio. , 1935-1937
2 13 Manríquez y Zarate, José de Jesús. , 1931-1932
2 14 Muro Family. , nd, 1927-1944
2 15 Navarrete, Juan. , 1919-1946
2 16 Palomar y Vizcarra, Miguel. , 1944-1965
2 17 Unión Nacional Sinarquista. , 1937-1944
2 18 Uribarren de la Torre, María. , nd, 1890-1945
Subject Files. , 1928-1967
Arrangement: Alphabetical. This series contains material relating to the Cristero Movement including a memoir, financial ledger, printed money and a combat log. Also included are other miscellaneous materials such as yearbooks, stamps and documents relating to Germany circa World War II. Most of the materials are in Spanish.
boxfolder
2 19 Address Book. , nd
2 20 Cartoons - Alfonso de la Torre. , nd, 1928-1930
2 21 Colegio Centro América - Yearbook. , 1935-1936
2 22 Combat Log. , 1932
2 23 Financial Ledger. , 1935-1936
2 24 German Documents. , nd, 1936-1945
2 25 The Gregorian University (Rome, Italy). , nd
2 26 Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad - Memoir. , 1937
2 27 Maps. , nd
2 28 Money. , nd
2 29 Pro, Miguel (Father). , nd
2 30 Religious Cards. , nd, 1935-1967
2 31 Seminario Nacional Mexicano - Montezuma, New Mexico - Pontifical Yearbook. , 1944
2 32 Stamps. , nd
Printed Materials. , 1885-1990
Arrangement: Alphabetical. This series contains political/religious documents mostly concerning the Cristero Movement including propaganda, pamphlets, newsletters, fliers, and newsclippings. Also included are souvenirs and other religious materials. Most materials are in Spanish and others are in English, French, German, and Latin. Note: Some materials are located in Series VI: Oversize Materials.
boxfolder
3 1 Brochures. , nd, 1931-1953
3 2 Flyers. , nd, 1914-1970
3 3 Hymns. , nd, 1924-1966
3 4 Journals - General. , 1904-1949
3 5 Journals - Juventud Católica. , 1922-1923
3 6 Journals - Juventud Católica. , 1923-1924
3 7 Magazines - General. , 1924-1967
3 8 Magazines - Juan Diego. , 1935-1951
3 9 Magazines - Juventud. , 1939-1957
3 10 Magazines - Latinoamérica. , 1949
3 11 Magazines - Legión. , 1967-1968
3 12 Magazines - Legión. , 1968-1969
3 13 Magazines - Señal. , 1963
3 14 Magazines - Revista Católica. , 1929
3 15 Magazines - Unión. , 1945-1952
3 16 Miscellaneous. , nd, 1904-1927
3 17 Miscellaneous. , 1945-1982
3 18 Newsclippings. , nd
3 19 Newsclippings. , 1894-1966
3 20 Newsletters - El Auxilio Mariano. , 1928-1929
3 21 Newsletters - La Batea. , 1928
3 22 Newsletters - Boletín de la Comisión Central de Instrucción Religiosa de la Acción Católica Mexicana. , 1933
3 23 Newsletters - Boletín de la Guerra. , nd, 1928
3 24 Newsletters - Boletín de la Sociedad de Santa Teresita. , 1928-1935
3 25 Newsletters - Boletín Oficial de Integrismo. , 1952
3 26 Newsletters - Boletín Oficial del IV Centrario Guadalupano. , 1931
3 27 Newsletters - Buenas Nuevas. , 1983
3 28 Newsletters - Carta Pastoral. , nd, 1923-1936
boxfolder
4 1 Newsletters - Carta Pastoral. , 1938-1944
4 2 Newsletters - Comite Popular de Defensa Mexicana. , 1935
4 3 Newsletters - Criterio. , 1926-1934
4 4 Newsletters - Criterio. , 1934
4 5 Newsletters - Cultura Cristiana. , 1933-1936
4 6 Newsletters - De Broma y de Vera. , 1927
4 7 Newsletters - David. , 1937-1959
4 8 Newsletters - Desde México. , nd, 1934-1937
4 9 Newsletters - Desde Mi Destierro. , nd
4 10 Newsletters - Desde Mi Sotano. , 1926
4 11 Newsletters - El Ensayo. , 1928
4 12 Newsletters - Evangelio. , 1945
4 13 Newsletters - El Faro. , 1932
4 14 Newsletters - General. , nd, 1926-1971
4 15 Newsletters - Gladius. , 1926
4 16 Newsletters - Hector. , nd
4 17 Newsletters - Hoja Parroquial. , 1990
4 18 Newsletters - La Honda. , 1936
4 19 Newsletters - Juan Diego. , 1940
4 20 Newsletters - La Lucha. , 1935
4 21 Newsletters - Las Maravillas del Santo Rosario. , 1989
4 22 Newsletters - Liga Nacional Defensora de la Libertad Religiosa. , nd, 1926-1936
4 23 Newsletters - Minutillo. , 1929
4 24 Newsletters - Nuestra Vida. , 1937-1938
4 25 Newsletters - Onir. , 1935-1936
4 26 Newsletters - Organo Oficial del Comite Popular de Defensa Mexicana. , 1935
4 27 Newsletters - Para Nuestros Amigos. , 1952
4 28 Newsletters - Pro Patria. , 1935-1936
4 29 Newsletters - Pro Patria. , 1936-1937
4 30 Newsletters - Propaganda Misional. , 1929-1930
4 31 Newsletters - El Propagandista Católico. , 1928
4 32 Newsletters - Reconquista. , 1930-1944
4 33 Newsletters - Regis/El Heraldo del Hogar. , 1933
4 34 Newsletters - Saber. , 1935
4 35 Newsletters - El Sembrador. , nd
4 36 Newsletters - Sembrando. , 1953
4 37 Newsletters - La Trinchera. , 1936
4 38 Newsletters - La Unión. , 1933
4 39 Newsletters - Vida del Alma. , 1953
4 40 Newsletters - La Voz Guadalupana. , 1942
4 41 Newsletters - Ydea al Servicio de la Verdad. , 1953
4 42 Pamphlets. , nd
4 43 Pamphlets. , 1885-1920
4 44 Pamphlets. , 1922-1925
4 45 Pamphlets. , 1926
4 46 Pamphlets. , 1927
4 47 Pamphlets. , 1928-1934
boxfolder
5 1 Pamphlets. , 1935
5 2 Pamphlets. , 1936-1939
5 3 Pamphlets. , 1943-1950
5 4 Pamphlets. , 1969-1985
5 5 Plays. , nd, 1894-1906
5 6 Plays. , 1919-1947
5 7 Poems. , nd, 1905-1945
5 8 Programs. , nd, 1910-1986
5 9 Statements. , nd
5 10 Statements. , 1914-1925
5 11 Statements. , 1926
5 12 Statements. , 1927-1933
5 13 Statements. , 1934-1936
5 14 Statements. , 1937-1939
5 15 Statements. , 1940-1971
5 16 Compact Disc - Copia de Archivo Familiar De la Torre Uribarren , no date
Folder contains a detailed inventory of the compact disc
Photographs and Negatives. , 1874-1970
Arrangement: Alphabetical. This series contains photographs and negatives primarily of the de la Torre family. Also included are other friends and relatives. Some photographers and studios included in this collection are Leopoldo Varela, Jose M. M. Aguilar, Foto Harrison and Linder Art Studio. There are also single photographs from C.B. Waite and Govan and North. Locations of studios and photographers include Aguascalientes, Guadalajara, Navajoa, Sonora, Nogales, Sonora and Arizona, San Luis Potosí, and Zacatecas. Most photograph captions are in Spanish. Note: Some materials are located in Series VI: Oversize Materials.
boxfolder
5 17 Photographs - Aguascalientes Group. , nd
5 18 Photographs - California. , nd
boxfolder
6 1 Photographs - Campa Family. , 1883-1907
6 2 Photographs - Catholic Family League (Aguascalientes). , nd, 1919
6 3 Photographs - Churches. , nd, 1885-1927
6 4 Photographs - Coronación de la Virgen Santísima de Guadalupe (Los Angeles, California). , 1937
6 5 Photographs - Cristero Soldiers. , nd
6 6 Photographs - de la Torre, Alfonso. , nd
6 7 Photographs - de la Torre, Alfonso. , 1910-1936
6 8 Photographs - de la Torre, Alfonso - Exhumation of body. , 1944
6 9 Photographs - de la Torre, Benjamín. , nd, 1926-1953
6 10 Photographs - de la Torre, Carlos. , nd, 1931-1961
6 11 Photographs - de la Torre, Edmundo. , nd, 1938-1953
6 12 Photographs - de la Torre, Francisco. , nd, 1920-1941
6 13 Photographs - de la Torre, Ignacio. , nd
6 14 Photographs - de la Torre, Ignacio. , 1920-1970
6 15 Photographs - de la Torre, Ignacio - Travels. , nd
6 16 Photographs - de la Torre, Luis. , nd, 1921-1956
6 17 Photographs - de la Torre, María. , nd, 1901-1948
6 18 Photographs - de la Torre Berumen, Ignacio. , nd, 1896-1948
6 19 Photographs - de la Torre Berumen, Ignacio and Uribarren de la Torre, María. , nd, 1901
6 20 Photographs - de la Torre Berumen Family. , nd, 1874-1901
6 21 Photographs - de la Torre Family. , nd
6 22 Photographs - de la Torre Family. , 1906-1936
6 23 Photographs - de la Torre Family Photoalbum. , nd
boxfolder
7 1 Photographs - Delgado Family. , nd, 1923
7 2 Photographs - Downing Family. , nd, 1944-1947
7 3 Photographs - Duval, Louis. , nd, 1932-1938
7 4 Photographs - Eucharist Crusade. , 1924
7 5 Photographs - Garibi Family. , nd, 1948
7 6 Photographs - Garibi y Velasco Family. , nd, 1909-1920
7 7-11 Photographs - General. , nd
7 12 Photographs - General. , 1891-1899
7 13 Photographs - General. , 1901-1919
7 14 Photographs - General. , 1920-1929
7 15 Photographs - General. , 1930-1939
7 16 Photographs - General. , 1940-1970
7 17 Photographs - Gabral Family. , nd, 1891-1938
7 18 Photographs - Iglesia y Virgen. , nd
7 19 Photographs - Mercado Family. , nd, 1931-1941
7 20 Photographs - Muro, Fidel. , nd, 1928
7 21 Photographs - Navarrete, Juan. , nd, 1937
7 22 Photographs - Noriega, Alfonso. , nd, 1927
7 23 Photographs - Orozco y Velasco. , nd, 1910-1914
7 24 Photographs - San Pedro de la Cueoa. , nd, 1927
7 25 Photographs - Serafico College. , nd, 1922-1929
7 26 Photographs - Sinarquistas Movement. , nd
7 27 Photographs - Sonoran Church. , nd, 1927-1970
7 28 Photographs - Southern Cristero Families. , nd, 1932
7 29 Photographs - Tumacacori National Monument (Tumacacori, Arizona). , nd
7 30 Photographs - Uribarren de la Torre, María. , nd, 1897-1901
7 31 Photographs - Uribarren Family. , nd, 1934
7 32 Photographs - Velazco de Perez. , nd, 1922
7 33 Photographs - Velazco Family. , nd, 1897
7 34 Photographs - Villegas de Noriega Family. , 1906
7 35 Photographs - Ysleta College. , nd, 1937-1938
7 36 Negatives - Buena Vista University. , nd
7 37 Negatives - Churches. , nd
7 38 Negatives - Cristero Soldiers. , nd
7 39 Negatives - de la Torre, Alfonso. , nd
7 40 Negatives - de la Torre, Alfonso - Exhumation of body. , 1944
7 41 Negatives - de la Torre, Benjamín. , nd
boxfolder
8 1 Negatives - de la Torre, Carlos. , nd
8 2 Negatives - de la Torre, Ignacio. , nd
8 3 Negatives - de la Torre, Luis. , nd
8 4 Negatives - de la Torre, María. , nd
8 5 Negatives - de la Torre Berumen, Ignacio. , nd
8 6-7 Negatives - de la Torre Family. , nd
8 8 Negatives - General. , nd
8 9 Negatives - Iglesia y Virgen. , nd
8 10 Negatives - Muro, Fidel. , nd
8 11 Negatives - Nogales. , nd
8 12 Negatives - Uribarren de la Torre, María. , nd
Oversize Materials. , 1906-1979
This series contains oversize items from various series including biographical files, printed materials and photographs and negatives.
boxfolder
9 1 Biographical Files: Certificates. , 1929
9 2 Printed Materials: Magazines - General. , 1939-1952
9 3 Printed Materials: Magazines - The Homeless Child. , 1929-1939
9 4 Printed Materials: Newsletters - General. , nd, 1929-1936
9 5 Printed Materials: Newspapers. , 1923-1933
boxfolder
10 1 Printed Materials: Newspapers. , 1934-1979
10 2 Printed Materials: Posters. , nd, 1924-1974
10 3 Printed Materials: Statements. , nd, 1924-1961
10 4 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - Churches. , nd
10 5 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - de la Torre, Alfonso. , nd
10 6 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - de la Torre, Benjamín. , 1942
10 7 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - de la Torre, Luis. , 1942
10 8 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - de la Torre Berumen, Ignacio and de la Torre Uribarren, María. , nd
10 9 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - de la Torre Berumen Family. , nd
boxfolder
11 1 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - de la Torre Family. , nd, 1906
11 2 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - Franciscan Priests and Friends. , nd, 1921-1969
11 3 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - General. , nd, 1909-1932
11 4 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - Grupos de Tampico, Tamaulipas. , nd, 1923
11 5 Photographs and Negatives: Photographs - Velasco de Garibi Family. , nd, 1908