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Louise Foucar Marshall and Tom Marshall Collection, 1888-1972 (bulk 1900-1953)

Collection Number: MS 452


Collection Summary

Creator: Marshall,Louise Foucar Marshall, Thomas K. (Thomas Keith)
Collection Name: Louise Foucar Marshall and Tom Marshall collection,
Inclusive Dates: 1888-1972
Bulk Dates: bulk 1900-1953
Physical Description:4 linear feet
Abstract:Documents and photographs, 1888-1972 (bulk 1900-1953). This collection is comprised of documents and photographs relating to the lives of Louise Foucar Marshall and her husband Tom Marshall. The bulk of the material consists of her personal correspondence and memorabilia, property records, official documents and correspondence relating to the Marshall Charitable Foundation, which they founded in 1930, and documents relating to Tom’s death and Louise’s trial for his murder in 1931. The collection also includes a large number of photographs and negatives, including some glass-plate negatives, taken by Tom Marshall of the University of Arizona and the city of Tucson in the early years of the 20th century.
Collection Number:Collection Number: MS 452
Repository: University of Arizona Libraries, Special Collections
University of Arizona
PO Box 210055
Tucson, AZ 85721-0055
Phone: 520-621-6423
Fax: 520-621-9733
URL: http://speccoll.library.arizona.edu/

Biographical/Historical Note

Louise Henriette Foucar was born in 1864, the daughter of a wealthy Boston family that had emigrated from Germany. Louise studied in France, Italy and Switzerland but her health was poor and she searched for a place with a better climate to live. After stints in El Paso, Texas and Mexico City, in 1890 she moved to Denver, Colorado and earned two degrees at the University of Denver. While in Denver, she developed tuberculosis and heart problems and in 1898 she moved again, this time to the warmer climate and lower elevation of Tucson.

She came to the University of Arizona as a graduate student in the academic year of 1898-1899; she became an instructor the next year and in 1900, at the age of 36, she became the school’s first woman professor. She taught Botany and a host of languages, including English, French, Latin and Spanish, and in 1901 she was named head of the Department of Ancient and Modern Languages.

Louise began to buy and develop properties near the expanding university campus using money inherited from her parents and in 1903, she resigned her teaching position at the university to focus full time on her business pursuits.

In 1904, she married Thomas Marshall, a former student, in El Paso, Texas. They lived in the brick house Louise built on a large two-acre lot on East Second St. in Tucson, Arizona.

In addition to developing and managing residential properties Louise developed a block of businesses across from the university’s main entrance that became Tucson’s first suburban shopping center, University Square. She owned and managed a gift shop located in the square and was appointed by the Governor to serve on the Arizona Board of Regents.

Louise continued to develop properties and she and Tom used the growing revenue to create the private, not-for-profit corporation known as Marshall Charitable Foundation on Jan. 16, 1930. They created the first private foundation in Arizona, one that would, in Louise’s words, “carry on our work when we are gone.”

Despite Louise’s business success, her marriage to Tom began to deteriorate. There were persistent rumors about his affair with an ex-housekeeper and the mysterious cause of Louise’s prolonged illness. After weeks of tests, doctors finally determined that she had been poisoned. On the night of April 27, 1931 Louise shot her husband four times at point blank range.

Thomas Marshall died three weeks later at a Los Angeles hospital and Louise was charged with first-degree murder. The trial became a media sensation, attracting newspaper coverage and bold headlines around the country. Louise pleaded guilty by reason of temporary insanity, one the very first legal cases to include this novel defense, claiming that she shot her husband because of fear that she was being poisoned. The jury acquitted her on the first-degree murder charge after deliberating less than half an hour.

After her acquittal, Louise rededicated herself to managing her extensive real estate holdings and promoting the work of the new Marshall Charitable Foundation. She took over day-to-day operations and began working in concert with a newly-appointed board of directors. Her participation in foundation activities continued until her death in 1956 at the age of 92. When she died Louise Marshall bequeathed her personal property to Wilma Peters, widow of Ivan Peters, the Marshall’s longtime property manager, Foundation president, and personal friend. After Mrs. Peters died her daughter Patricia Stephenson maintained the collection.

Thomas Keith Marshall was born on August 3, 1870 in Kansas. After leaving home he traveled around the country, working first as a farm laborer, then a miner. In 1899 he ended up at the University of Arizona where he enrolled, at the age of 29, in the preparatory department because of his lack of a high school record. While at the University Tom played on the first football team ever fielded by the University of Arizona and found a job on campus as a gardener and laborer. Tom also became an avid photographer during this time. In 1903 he began working as a maintenance man for Professor Louise Foucar and she soon named him manager for her growing real estate holdings. He left the University in 1903 without ever earning a degree.

In 1904 Tom proposed marriage to Louise and she accepted. They were quietly married in El Paso. Early in their marriage the Marshalls worked on several joint business projects together. In the early teens, Tom and Louise began to grow apart and each became more engrossed in their own pursuits, in Tom’s case journalism and then later, politics. He served as a delegate to launch the Roosevelt candidacy, and became active in Arizona state politics as a member of the Progressive Party. He became active in the temperance movement and enjoyed traveling all over the state to give talks on both Progressive politics and the temperance movement. In 1915, he wrote and published a 73 page book entitled, Prohibition in Arizona: The First Six Months of Prohibition in Arizona and its Effect Upon Industry, Savings and Municipal Government.

Just after midnight on April 27, 1931 Louise Marshall shot her husband with a small caliber pistol while he lay sleeping. Tom was immediately taken to a local hospital and then later transferred to a hospital in Los Angeles, where he developed an infection after an unsuccessful operation to remove one of the bullets. He died on May 20, 1931.


Scope and Content Note

Documents and photographs, 1888-1972 (bulk 1900-1953). This collection is comprised of documents relating to the lives of Louise Foucar Marshall and her husband Tom Marshall. The bulk of the material consists of her personal correspondence and memorabilia, documents relating to Tom’s death and Louise’s trial for his murder in 1931, and to the Marshalls’ real estate holdings. Louise Marshall was instrumental in the development of numerous residential properties and businesses in the area surrounding the University of Arizona. The collection includes personal letters, diaries written by Louise and Tom Marshall, journals and business letters, and books and pamphlets collected by Louise Marshall. Official documents and correspondence relating to the non-profit foundation, the Marshall Charitable Foundation, are also included here. This collection also includes a large number of photographs taken by Tom Marshall of the University of Arizona and the city of Tucson in the early years of the 20th century, which include university buildings, Tucson hospitals and sanitariums, and street scenes. It also includes a T. Roosevelt 1912 Progressive ticket battle flag and a large number of photographs and negatives, including some 4 x 5 glass-plate negatives.


Arrangement

This collection is organized into 6 series.
Series I: Personal, 1888-1956
Series II: Marshall Foundation and Properties, 1904-1972
Series III: Death of Tom Marshall and Trial 1931-1934
Series IV: Photographs, 1890-1970
Series V: Indexes to the Collection, 1888-1972
Series VI: Oversize materials 1894-1953

Restrictions

Restrictions

None.

Copyright

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission to publish from the owner of the copyright (the institution, the creator of the record, the author or his/her transferees, heirs, legates, or literary executors). The user agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Arizona Board of Regents for the University of Arizona, its officers, employees, and agents from and against all claims made by any person asserting that he or she is an owner of copyright.


Access Terms

Personal Name(s)
Marshall, Louise Henriette Foucar
Marshall, Thomas K. (Thomas Keith),

Corporate Name(s)
Marshall Charitable Foundation
Marshall Foundation

Geographic Name(s)
Tucson (Ariz.) – History

Subject(s)
Peters, Ivan
Peters, Wilma
Seymour, Harriet
Trials (Murder) – Arizona

Genre Form(s)
Tucson (Ariz.) – Pictorial works
University of Arizona – Pictorial works


Administrative Information

Credit Line

Louise Foucar Marshall and Tom Marshall collection (AZ 452). Special Collections, University of Arizona Libraries.


Container List

Series I: Personal,1888-1956
This series is subdivided by document type, arranged alphabetically, then chronologically. It contains correspondence, financial and personal documents and memorabilia.
Subseries 1: Correspondence, 1888-1972
boxfolder
11 Invitations and announcements, 1888-1953
12 Louise F. Marshall, 1909-1929
13 Louise F. Marshall, 1930-1939
14 Louise F. Marshall, 1940-1949
15 Louise F. Marshall, 1950-1952
16 Louise F. Marshall, 1953
17 Louise F. Marshall, 1954-1956
18 Thomas K. Marshall, 1911-1929
boxfolder
21 Peters Family, 1927-1959
22 Peters Family, 1960-1972
Subseries 2: Financial Documents, 1903-1957
boxfolder
23 Estate, Louise F. Marshall, 1956-1957
24 Estate, Tom Marshall, 1931-1945
25 Personal finance, 1903-1954
26 Wills, Louise F. Marshall, 1920-1952
Subseries 3: Various personal documents 1900-1956
boxfolder
27 Family, Louise F. Marshall 1900-1931
28 Louise Marshall obituaries 1953-1956
29 Memorabilia 1911-1943
210 University of Arizona 1901
Series 2: Marshall Foundation & Properties, 1904-1972
This series is arranged alphabetically and contains official documents of the Foundation, correspondence, deeds, mortgages and rental reports.
boxfolder
31 1227 E. 2nd Street, 1935-1942
32 Articles of incorporation, resolutions and by-laws, 1904-1972
33 Business correspondence, 1927-1949
34 Business correspondence, 1950-1972
35 Conveyance of property, 1937-1944
36 Deeds and mortgages, 1904-1929
37 Deeds and mortgages, 1930-1939
38 Deeds and mortgages, 1940-1947
39 Deeds of trust, 1937-1944
310 Lease agreements, 1904-1946
boxfolder
41 Meeting minutes, 1937-1967
42 Property correspondence, 1942-1945
43 Property expenses, 1925-1959
44 Rental reports 1927-1929
45 Rental reports 1930-1934
46 Rental reports 1935-1939
47 Rental reports 1940-1944
48 Rental reports 1945-1949
49 University Gift Shop, 1944-1948
Death of Tom Marshall and Trial, 1931-1934
This series consists of photographs taken by Tom Marshall of the University of Arizona, the city of Tucson and its surrounding area, and parts of the western United States. It is subdivided into prints, negatives, and glass-plate negatives.
boxfolder
51 Correspondence, Louise F. Marshall, 1931
52 Correspondence, Tom Marshall, 1931
53 Evidence and trial preparation, 1931
54 Legal and court documents 1931-1934
55 Medical records of Tom Marshall, 1931
56 Slander suit, Seymour vs. Marshall, 1931-1932
57 Statements, Louise F, Marshall, 1931
Photographs,1890-1970
This series consists of photographs taken by Tom Marshall of the University of Arizona, the city of Tucson and its surrounding area, and parts of the western United States. It is subdivided into prints, negatives, and glass-plate negatives.
Subseries 1: Prints,1890-1970
boxfolder
61 Marshalls: Art of Louise F. Marshall, undated
62 Marshalls: Family, friends and pets, 1904-1930
63 Marshalls: Family of Tom Marshall, 1970
64 Marshalls: Tom and Louise F. Marshall, 1901-1920
65 Marshall home and properties: Commercial and civic properties 1922-1944
66 Marshall home and properties: Cottage behind Marshall home, 1911-1915
67 Marshall home and properties: Houses and apartments, 1906-1929
68 Marshall home and properties: Marshall home, 1911-1915
69 Marshall home and properties: University neighborhood, 1905-1930
610 Tucson and surrounding area: Businesses, 1915-1920
611 Tucson and surrounding area: Churches, 1915-1920
612 Tucson and surrounding area: Civic buildings and clubs, 1910-1924
613 Tucson and surrounding area: Homes, 1910-1920
614 Tucson and surrounding area: Hospitals and sanitariums, 1911-1920
615 Tucson and surrounding area: Railroad, 1915-1920
616 Tucson and surrounding area: Schools, 1920
617 Tucson and surrounding area: Street scenes, 1911-1921
618 Tucson and surrounding area: Surrounding area and desert, 1903-1920
619 Tucson and surrounding area: Unidentified
620 University of Arizona: Campus structures and scenes, 1894-1925
621 University of Arizona: Classroom buildings, 1915-1930
622 University of Arizona: East and West Cottages and Presidents home, 1894-1900
623 University of Arizona: Library/Museum, 1920
624 University of Arizona: Military barracks, 1918
625 University of Arizona: Mines and Engineering Building, 1915-1922
626 University of Arizona: North Hall, 1900-1916
627 University of Arizona: Old Main, 1900-1922
628 University of Arizona: Residence and dining halls, 1910-1920
629 University of Arizona: South Hall and Herring Hall, 1900-1913
630 University of Arizona: Steward Observatory, 1920
631 University of Arizona: Students, 1890-1910
632 University of Arizona: University entrances, 1910-1924
boxfolder
71 Western United States: Colorado, 1920
72 Western United States: New Mexico and Northern Arizona, 1911-1920
73 Western United States: Northern California, 1911
74 Western United States: Southern California, 1911-1915
75 Western United States: Southern California coast, 1911
76 Western United States: Unidentified locations, 1920
Subseries 2: Negatives,1900-1922
boxfolder
77 Marshalls: Friends, relatives and pets, 1911-1920
78 Marshalls: Tom and Louise F. Marshall, 1901-1920
79 Marshall home and properties: Commercial properties, 1922
710 Marshall home and properties: Cottage behind Marshall home, 1911-1915
711 Marshall home and properties: Houses and apartments, 1905-1920
712 Marshall home and properties: Marshall home, 1910-1920
713 Marshall home and properties: University neighborhood, 1904-1920
714 Tucson and surrounding area: Businesses, 1920
715 Tucson and surrounding area: Churches, 1915-1920
716 Tucson and surrounding area: Civic buildings and clubs, 1920
717 Tucson and surrounding area: Homes, 1910-1920
718 Tucson and surrounding area: Hospitals and sanitariums 1920
719 Tucson and surrounding area: Railroad, 1915-1920
720 Tucson and surrounding area: Schools, 1920
721 Tucson and surrounding area: Street scenes, 1911-1920
722 Tucson and surrounding area: Surrounding area and desert, 1911-1920
723 University of Arizona: Campus structures and scenes, 1903-1920
724 University of Arizona: Classroom buildings, 1915-1920
725 University of Arizona: Library/Museum, 1920
726 University of Arizona: Mines and Engineering Building, 1920
727 University of Arizona: North Hall, South Hall, Herring Hall, 1910-1916
728 University of Arizona: Old Main, 1900-1920
729 University of Arizona: Residence and dining halls, 1910-1920
730 University of Arizona: Steward Observatory, 1920
731 University of Arizona: Students, 1900-1910
732 University of Arizona: University entrances, 1919-1920
boxfolder
81 Western United States: California parks, monuments and fountains, 1911-1920
82 Western United States: Colorado, 1920
83 Western United States: New Mexico and Northern Arizona, 1920
84 Western United States: Ramona’s Marriage Place, San Diego, 1911
85 Western United States: San Francisco and Northern California, 1911-1920
86 Western United States: Southern California, 1911-1920
87 Western United States: Southern California coast, 1911
88 Western United States: Unidentified locations, 1911
Subseries 3: Glass plate negatives, 1911
boxfolder
89 Marshall home, 1911
810 People and pets, 1911
811 Southern California, 1911
812 Tucson and surrounding area: Surrounding area and desert, 1911
813 Tucson and surrounding area: Tucson Depot, 1911
boxfolder
914 Tucson and surrounding area: University neighborhood, 1911
Series V: Indexes to the Collection,1556-1972
This collection, as it was maintained by Patricia Stephenson, was originally housed in a series of 3-ring binders and some large boxes containing folders and loose items. This series consists of her inventory and original organization of those items, along with some personal notes. The original notebook and item numbering for each item is noted either on the sleeve for or the reverse of each item.
boxfolder
815 Binders 1888-1972
816 Boxes 1556-1957
817 Photographs 1890-1970
Series VI: Oversized materials,1894-1953
This series consists of various items including mounted photographs, account books, Louise F. Marshall’s diplomas from the University of Denver, Louise and Tom’s marriage service book, and a Teddy Roosevelt 1912 Progressive ticket battle flag.
boxfolder
91 Oversize materials 1894-1953